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During preimplantation mouse development, the inner cell mass (ICM) differentiates into two cell lineages--the epiblast and the primitive endoderm (PrE)--whose precursors are identifiable by reciprocal expression of Nanog and Gata6, respectively. PrE formation depends on Nanog by a non-cell-autonomous mechanism. To decipher early cell- and(More)
Granulosa cell tumors (GCT) are ovarian neoplasms that tend to recur and spread in the pelvis and the abdomen several years after the initial treatment. Anti-Mülerian hormone (AMH) is a reliable serum marker of these tumors. To enhance the availability and the sensitivity of serum AMH determination, we developed an ultrasensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and its receptor are involved in the regression of Müllerian ducts in male fetuses. We have now cloned and mapped the human AMH receptor gene and provide genetic proof that it is required for AMH signalling, by identifying a mutation in the AMH receptor in a patient with persistent Müllerian duct syndrome. The mutation destroys(More)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a member of the Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-beta) family implicated in the regression of Müllerian ducts in male fetuses and in the development and function of gonads of both sexes. Members of the TGF-beta family signal through two types of serine/threonine kinase receptors called type I and type II, and two types of(More)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a member of the transforming growth factor-beta family responsible for regression of Müllerian ducts during male sexual differentiation and for regulation of gonadal steroidogenesis. AMH is also a gonadal tumor suppressor which mediates its effects through a specific type II receptor and the bone morphogenetic protein(More)
Fetal male sexual differentiation is driven by two testicular hormones: testosterone (synthesized by interstitial Leydig cells) and antimüllerian hormone (AMH; produced by Sertoli cells present in the seminiferous tubules). Intersex states result either from gonadal dysgenesis, in which both Leydig and Sertoli cell populations are affected, or from impaired(More)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) produced by fetal Sertoli cells is responsible for regression of Müllerian ducts, the anlage for uterus and Fallopian tubes, during male sex differentiation. A member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, AMH signals through two transmembrane receptors, type II which is specific and type I receptors, shared with(More)
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is secreted by immature testicular Sertoli cells. Clinical studies have demonstrated a negative correlation between serum AMH and testosterone in puberty but not in the neonatal period. We investigated AMH regulation using mouse models mimicking physiopathological situations observed in humans. In normal mice, intratesticular,(More)
Today, serum antimullerian hormone (AMH) is considered as an interesting marker of fertility potential in women to determine follicular status and in men to evaluate testicular function. We study analytical and clinical characteristics of two AMH commercialized immunoassays: Immunotech and DSL methods. The detection limits (close to 0.13 ng/mL), functional(More)
A rare form of familial male pseudohermaphroditism, the persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is characterized by persistence of uterus and Fallopian tubes in 46,XY phenotypic males and is ascribed to defects in the synthesis or action of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). Biologically, PMDS is heterogeneous: in some cases, bioactive AMH is normally(More)