Corinne Arpin

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BACKGROUND Infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae are increasing in frequency and are associated with high mortality rates. Circulation of CTX-M-type ESBLs in the community is of particular concern, because it may confound standard infection-control measures. METHODS We analyzed the results of(More)
In order to evaluate the impact of an urban effluent on antibiotic resistance of freshwater bacterial populations, water samples were collected from the Arga river (Spain), upstream and downstream from the wastewater discharge of the city of Pamplona. Strains of Enterobacteriaceae (representative of the human and animal commensal flora) (110 isolates) and(More)
Over a 12-year period, 68 Shigella strains (31 S. sonnei, 30 S. flexneri, 4 S. dysenteriae, and 3 S. boydii strains) were collected in a French University Hospital from the stools of patients who generally had a recent history of travel to various parts of the world (91%), particularly Africa (67%). These strains were often resistant (streptomycin,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing enterobacteria (ESBLE) in the French community, during a 2006 survey. METHODS All enterobacteria isolated from urine samples of patients, exhibiting a decreased susceptibility to broad-spectrum cephalosporins, were analysed for their(More)
In 1993, 63 isolates of Enterobacter aerogenes were collected from 41 patients in a medical intensive care unit (ICU). During the same period, only 46 isolates from 32 patients were collected in the rest of the hospital. All isolates were analyzed by antibiotic resistance phenotype, and 77 representative isolates were differentiated by plasmid restriction(More)
During a 2004 survey, 49 extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteria were collected in 20 French private health care centers and one local hospital. They included 12 CTX-M-producing Escherichia coli strains (1.8% versus 0.3% in a 1999 survey). Most of them belonged to the same clone and contained a bla(CTX-M-15) gene on similar conjugative(More)
In 1999, 39 of 2,599 isolates of the family Enterobacteriaceae (1.5%) collected by eight private laboratories in the Aquitaine region in France produced an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL). Among these were 19 Enterobacter aerogenes isolates; 8 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates; 6 Escherichia coli isolates; 3 Proteus mirabilis isolates; and 1 isolate(More)
Most Aeromonas strains isolated from two European rivers were previously found to be resistant to nalidixic acid. In order to elucidate the mechanism of this resistance, 20 strains of Aeromonas caviae (n = 10), A. hydrophila (n = 5), and A. sobria (n = 5) complexes, including 3 reference strains and 17 environmental isolates, were investigated. Fragments of(More)
During a previous survey, five extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing enterobacteria (ESBLE) (two Enterobacter aerogenes isolates expressing TEM-24 b, two Escherichia coli isolates expressing TEM-21 or TEM-24 b, and one Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate expressing SHV-4/TEM-15) responsible for urinary tract infections (UTIs) were found among 1,584(More)
A clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found to produce a clavulanic acid-inhibited extended-spectrum beta-lactamase with a pI of 6.4. PCR, cloning, and sequencing experiments showed that the corresponding bla(TEM-21) gene was part of a chromosomally located Tn801 transposon disrupted by an IS6100 element and adjacent to an aac(3)-II gene.