Corinna Hawkes

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In a "nutrition transition", the consumption of foods high in fats and sweeteners is increasing throughout the developing world. The transition, implicated in the rapid rise of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases worldwide, is rooted in the processes of globalization. Globalization affects the nature of agri-food systems, thereby altering the(More)
Chronic diseases are the largest cause of death in the world. In 2002, the leading chronic diseases--cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes--caused 29 million deaths worldwide. Despite growing evidence of epidemiological and economic impact, the global response to the problem remains inadequate. Stakeholders include(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the nutrition transition, focusing on highly processed foods. DESIGN Data on FDI were identified from reports/databases and then compiled and analysed. A review of published literature on FDI into the food sector was conducted. SETTING The nutrition transition is a public health concern(More)
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) dominate disease burdens globally and poor nutrition increasingly contributes to this global burden. Comprehensive monitoring of food environments, and evaluation of the impact of public and private sector policies on food environments is needed to strengthen accountability systems to reduce NCDs. The International Network(More)
Despite isolated areas of improvement, no country to date has reversed its obesity epidemic. Governments, together with a broad range of stakeholders, need to act urgently to decrease the prevalence of obesity. In this Series paper, we review several regulatory and non-regulatory actions taken around the world to address obesity and discuss some of the(More)
Currently, close to 1 billion people suffer from hunger and food insecurity, defined as not having enough calories to live a healthy life. While this number is staggering, the number of people with poor access to nutritious foods rich in essential micronutrients—such as fruits and vegetables, meat, fish, dairy products, and biofortified staple foods—is even(More)
The world is characterized by huge nutritional inequities. Undernutrition, especially among children, persists at unacceptably high levels, leading to poor health in the poorest and most vulnerable communities around the world. At the same time, a “nutrition transition” to energy-dense, poorquality diets is occurring, leading to obesity and diet-related(More)
Government action is essential to increase the healthiness of food environments and reduce obesity, diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and their related inequalities. This paper proposes a monitoring framework to assess government policies and actions for creating healthy food environments. Recommendations from relevant authoritative(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of national salt reduction initiatives around the world, describe core characteristics and develop a framework for future strategy development. METHODS National strategies were identified from existing reviews and from searches of the literature and relevant websites. Standardized information was extracted about governance(More)
Prevention of obesity requires policies that work. In this Series paper, we propose a new way to understand how food policies could be made to work more effectively for obesity prevention. Our approach draws on evidence from a range of disciplines (psychology, economics, and public health nutrition) to develop a theory of change to understand how food(More)