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Heart rate complexity (HRC) is an emerging "new vital sign" for critically ill and injured patients. Traditionally, 800-beat data sets have been used to calculate HRC variables, thus limiting their practical use in an emergency. We sought to investigate whether data set reductions diminish the use of HRC to predict mortality in prehospital trauma patients.(More)
OBJECTIVES Mechanical ventilation is injurious to the lung. Use of lung-protective strategies may complicate patient management, motivating a search for better lung-replacement approaches. We investigated the ability of a novel extracorporeal venovenous CO2 removal device to reduce minute ventilation while maintaining normocarbia. DESIGN Prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional vital signs such as heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation are not ideal for timely and accurate assessment of physiologic status after trauma (TR) and hemorrhagic shock (HS). Analysis of the complex beat-to-beat variability present in the heart-rate time series has been proposed as a "new vital sign" in this setting. We(More)
Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether lower complexity of interbreath interval as measured with nonlinear analysis techniques will identify patients who fail to separate from mechanical ventilation after 30-minute spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs). METHODS Respiratory waveforms from SBT of patients in surgical or burn intensive care units were recorded for(More)
INTRODUCTION In thermally injured patients, inhalation injury is often associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and is an independent predictor of increased morbidity and mortality. Extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R) therapy offers new possibilities in protective mechanical ventilation in ARDS patients. We performed an early application(More)
PURPOSE We found that heart rate (HR) complexity metrics such as sample entropy (SampEn) identified patients with trauma receiving lifesaving interventions (LSIs). We now aimed (1) to test a multiscale entropy (MSE) index, (2) to compare it to single-scale measures including SampEn, and (3) to assess different parameter values for calculation of SampEn and(More)
In critically ill intubated patients, assessment of adequacy of ventilation relies on measuring partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2), which requires invasive arterial blood gas analysis. Alternative noninvasive technologies include transcutaneous CO2 (tPCO2) and end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) monitoring. We evaluated accuracy of tPCO2 and EtCO2(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate early changes in oxygenation by means of the multiple inert gas elimination technique and in coagulation by means of thromboelastography (TEG) after right-sided pulmonary contusion (PC) in swine. Anesthetized swine (group 1; n = 8) sustained a right-chest PC by a captive-bolt stunner. Multiple inert gas(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of airway pressure release ventilation in the management of early smoke inhalation injury has not been studied. We compared the effects of airway pressure release ventilation and conventional mechanical ventilation on oxygenation in a porcine model of acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by wood smoke inhalation. DESIGN(More)