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The capitate is often considered the "keystone" of the carpus, not simply because of its central and prominent position in the wrist, but also because of its mechanical interactions with neighboring bones. The purpose of this study was to determine in vivo three-dimensional capitate kinematics. Twenty uninjured wrists were investigated using a recently(More)
Carpal kinematics have been previously limited to in vitro models with cadaveric specimens. Using a newly developed markerless bone registration algorithm, we noninvasively studied the in vivo kinematics of the capitate, scaphoid, and lunate during wrist extension and flexion in both wrists of 5 men and 5 women. Computed tomography volume images were(More)
The use of registration techniques to determine motion transformations noninvasively has become more widespread with the increased availability of the necessary software. In this study, three surface registration techniques were used to generate carpal bone kinematic results from a single cadaveric wrist specimen. Surface contours were extracted from(More)
Articular cartilage is a load bearing and lubricating tissue in animal joints. Heterogeneous deformations arise in the structured and zonal tissue under the application of mechanical load. The character of these deformations is altered by degenerative joint disease. Here, we document an MRI-based technique for determining deformations throughout the volume(More)
Articular cartilage is critical to the normal function of diarthrodial joints. Despite the importance of the tissue and the prevalence of cartilage degeneration (e.g., osteoarthritis), the technology required to noninvasively describe nonuniform deformations throughout the volume of the tissue has not been available until recently. The objectives of the(More)
Three-dimensional strain fields in articular cartilage subjected to compressive loading can be determined using a recently developed MRI-based cartilage deformation by tag registration technique. The objective of this study was to determine the experimental variables that minimize the technique error, which has not been previously reported. Error (strain(More)
Characterization of spatiotemporal deformation dynamics and material properties requires non-destructive methods to visualize mechanics of materials and biological tissues. Displacement-encoded magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as a noninvasive and non-destructive technique used to quantify deformation and strains. However, the techniques are not(More)
OBJECTIVES Cartilage displacement and strain patterns were documented noninvasively in intact tibiofemoral joints in situ by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study determined the number of compressive loading cycles required to precondition intact joints prior to imaging, the spatial distribution of displacements and strains in cartilage using(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the resulting knee kinematics and stability of an anatomic superficial MCL (sMCL) reconstruction and a non-anatomic sMCL reconstruction. METHODS In a cadaveric model, normal knee stability and kinematics were compared with sMCL deficient knees and with two experimental sMCL reconstructions. The(More)
Displacement and strain are fundamental quantities that describe the normal and pathological mechanical function of soft biological materials. Non-invasive imaging techniques, including displacement-encoded magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), enable the direct calculation of biomaterial displacements during the application of extrinsic mechanical forces.(More)