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Comparing nonpharmaceutical interventions for containing emerging epidemics
TLDR
It is shown that the comparative effectiveness of symptom monitoring and quarantine depends critically on the natural history of the infectious disease, its inherent transmissibility, and the intervention feasibility in the particular healthcare setting, and this quantitative framework can guide policymakers on how best to use nonpharmaceutical interventions and prioritize research during an outbreak of an emerging pathogen.
Population mobility reductions associated with travel restrictions during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone: use of mobile phone data
TLDR
The effects of travel restrictions on mobility can be large, targeted and measurable in near real-time, and should play a central role in guiding and monitoring interventions for epidemic containment with appropriate anonymization protocols.
Productive disruption: opportunities and challenges for innovation in infectious disease surveillance
TLDR
This work states that while academic researchers—often in high-income settings—are developing increasingly sophisticated methods to collect and analyse data to improve spatial estimates of disease burden, many remain most useful for estimating global disease distribution,1 rather than for national control programme prioritisation.
Coffee rings as low-resource diagnostics: detection of the malaria biomarker Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein-II using a surface-coupled ring of Ni(II)NTA gold-plated polystyrene
We report a novel, low-resource malaria diagnostic platform inspired by the coffee ring phenomenon, selective for Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein-II (PfHRP-II), a biomarker indicative of
Comparative Impact of Individual Quarantine vs. Active Monitoring of Contacts for the Mitigation of COVID-19: a modelling study
TLDR
This model suggests that individual quarantine in high feasibility settings where at least three-quarters of infected contacts are individually quarantined contains an outbreak of COVID-19 with a short serial interval 84% of the time, and when resources are prioritized for scalable interventions such as social distancing, it shows active monitoring or individual quarantine of high-risk contacts can contribute synergistically to mitigation efforts.
Homelessness and Hepatitis A - San Diego County, 2016-2018.
TLDR
Findings support the recent ACIP recommendation to add homelessness as an indication for hepatitis A vaccination, which was supported during an outbreak of hepatitis A infections primarily among people experiencing homelessness.
Wound Botulism Outbreak Among Persons Who Use Black Tar Heroin — San Diego County, California, 2017–2018
TLDR
Nine patients with wound botulism were identified, all of whom were hospitalized; one of the nine died and all were persons who inject drugs; seven specifically reported using black tar heroin and six practiced subcutaneous injection known as skin popping.
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