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Cells comprising a tissue migrate as part of a collective. How collective processes are coordinated over large multi-cellular assemblies has remained unclear, however, because mechanical stresses exerted at cell-cell junctions have not been accessible experimentally. We report here maps of these stresses within and between cells comprising a monolayer.(More)
Over the last 10-15 years a general understanding of the chemical reaction of protein folding has emerged from statistical mechanics. The lessons learned from protein folding kinetics based on energy landscape ideas have benefited protein structure prediction, in particular the development of coarse grained models. We survey results from blind structure(More)
Natural proteins fold because their free energy landscapes are funneled to their native states. The degree to which a model energy function for protein structure prediction can avoid the multiple minima problem and reliably yield at least low-resolution predictions is also dependent on the topography of the energy landscape. We show that the degree of(More)
We describe a method for predicting the structure of alpha beta class proteins in the absence of information from homologous structures. The method is based on an associative memory model for short to intermediate range in sequence contacts and a contact potential for long range in sequence contacts. The coefficients in the energy function are chosen to(More)
From coffee beans flowing in a chute to cells remodelling in a living tissue, a wide variety of close-packed collective systems-both inert and living-have the potential to jam. The collective can sometimes flow like a fluid or jam and rigidify like a solid. The unjammed-to-jammed transition remains poorly understood, however, and structural properties(More)
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