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Eravacycline (TP-434 or 7-fluoro-9-pyrrolidinoacetamido-6-demethyl-6-deoxytetracycline) is a novel fluorocycline that was evaluated for antimicrobial activity against panels of recently isolated aerobic and anaerobic Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Eravacycline showed potent broad-spectrum activity against 90% of the isolates (MIC90) in each panel(More)
AIMS In the UK, lifestyle intervention is first-line management in Type 2 diabetes. It is unclear what type of diet is most efficacious for improving glycaemic control. This study investigated the effects of an oat-enriched diet on glycaemic control, postprandial glycaemia, inflammation and oxidative stress compared with standard dietary advice. METHODS(More)
The effects of thrombin (0.2 U/ml) and native (n-LDL), malondialdehyde-modified (MDA-LDL) and auto-oxidized (ox-LDL) low-density lipoproteins (20 micrograms of protein/ml) on platelet activation were evaluated in seven hyperlipidemic patients and compared to seven controls (fasting serum cholesterol 8.49 +/- 0.5 and 4.61 +/- 0.4 mM, respectively). Basal and(More)
We hypothesized that the neuroprotection against cerebral hypoxic-ischemic damage observed with dexamethasone treatment in immature rats is related to a change in cerebral protein synthesis. Six-day-old Wistar rats were injected with either vehicle (10 ml/kg) or dexamethasone (0.1 mg/kg) 24 h prior to cerebral hypoxia-ischemia. Local cerebral protein(More)
TP-434 is a novel, broad-spectrum fluorocycline antibiotic with activity against bacteria expressing major antibiotic resistance mechanisms, including tetracycline-specific efflux and ribosomal protection. The mechanism of action of TP-434 was assessed using both cell-based and in vitro assays. In Escherichia coli cells expressing recombinant tetracycline(More)
Utilizing a fully synthetic route to tetracycline analogues, the C-9 side-chain of the fluorocyclines was optimized for both antibacterial activity and oral efficacy. Compounds were identified that overcome both efflux (tet(K), tet(A)) and ribosomal protection (tet(M)) tetracycline-resistance mechanisms and are active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative(More)
This and the accompanying report (DOI: 10.1021/jm201467r ) describe the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a new generation of tetracycline antibacterial agents, 7-fluoro-9-substituted-6-demethyl-6-deoxytetracyclines ("fluorocyclines"), accessible through a recently developed total synthesis approach. These fluorocyclines possess potent antibacterial(More)
Tigecycline, the latest member of the tetracycline family to enter clinics, is reported to be poorly recognized by the most prevalent Gram-negative tetracycline-specific efflux mechanisms, namely, the Tet(A) and Tet(B) efflux pumps (1). These structurally related tetracycline-specific efflux pumps are encoded by genes on plasmids and transposons in a wide(More)
A novel series of fully synthetic 8-azatetracyclines was prepared and evaluated for antibacterial activity. Compounds were identified that overcome both efflux (tet(K)) and ribosomal protection (tet(M)) tetracycline resistance mechanisms and are active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. Two compounds were identified that exhibit comparable(More)
Utilizing a total synthesis approach, the first 8-heterocyclyltetracyclines were designed, synthesized, and evaluated against panels of tetracycline- and multidrug-resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Several compounds with balanced, highly potent in vitro activity against a broad range of bacterial isolates were identified through(More)