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Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA or Sanfilippo A disease) is a storage disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme sulfamidase. Mutation screening, using SSCP/heteroduplex analyses on cDNA and genomic DNA fragments, was performed in a group of 42 European patients. Sixteen of the 17 different gene mutations characterized have not been(More)
A group of 46 European patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) was screened for mutations of the alpha-L-iduronidase gene. The 2 common nonsense mutations, W402X and Q70X, were identified in, respectively, 37% and 35% of mutant alleles. Considerable differences were seen in the frequency of these 2 mutations in patients from North Europe (Norway(More)
BACKGROUND As patients with different types of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) and mucolipidosis (ML) may present with overlapping clinical features - including coarse face, hepatosplenomegaly, bone dysplasia and claw-hand deformities, collectively also called 'MPS-like phenotype', enzymatic and/or molecular genetic analyses are indispensable for accurate(More)
Iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) cDNA from fibroblasts of nine patients with Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) was screened for mutations using single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Direct sequencing revealed a number of different mutations including missense or nonsense point mutations, deletions of one, two, or 60 base pairs, and a 22(More)
A number of mutations in the X-chromosomal human iduronate-2-sulphatase gene have now been identified as the primary genetic defect leading to the clinical condition known as Hunter syndrome or mucopolysaccharidosis type II. The mutations that are tabulated include different deletions, splice-site and point mutations. From the group of 319 patients thus far(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB (MPS IIIB or Sanfilippo B disease) is an autosomal recessive storage disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme a-N-acetylglucosaminidase. Mutation screening was performed on a group of 22 patients using a combination of SSCP/heteroduplex analysis of amplified genomic fragments and direct sequencing of cDNA(More)
Mutations of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene were identified in 16 patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome). Together with another 10 cases reported by us earlier it emerges that about 20% of the patients have deletions of the whole gene or other major structural alterations. One, two or three base pair deletions are found in about 23%(More)
Mutation analysis of the N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase gene was performed in a group of 35 patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA from 33 families, mainly of European origin. By nonradioactive SSCP screening, 35 different gene mutations were identified, 31 of them novel. Together they account for 88.6% of the disease alleles of the(More)