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A site-directed photocrosslink approach was used to elucidate components that interact directly with ADP- ribosylation factor (ARF)-GTP during coat assembly. Two ARF mutants were generated that contain a photolabile amino acid at positions distant to each other within the ARF molecule. Here we show that one of the two positions specifically interacts with(More)
Several lines of evidence favour the hypothesis that intracellular biosynthetic protein transport in eukaryotes is mediated by non-clathrin-coated vesicles (for a review see Rothman and Orci, 1992). The vesicles have been isolated and a set of their surface proteins has been characterized as coat proteins (COPs). These COPs exist in the cytosol as a(More)
Toward elucidating molecular details of virus-induced membrane fusion, we have studied the low pH-triggered interaction of the bromelain-solubilized ectodomain of influenza hemagglutinin with liposomes. Polypeptide segments which insert into the apolar phase of the lipid bilayer were first labeled specifically using either of the two membrane-restricted(More)
Coatomer, the major component of the coat of COPI transport vesicles, binds both to the dilysine motif of resident membrane proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum and to the cytoplasmic domain of p23, a major type I membrane protein of COPI vesicles. Using a photocrosslinking approach, we find that under native conditions a peptide analogous to the(More)
Coatomer, a cytosolic heterooligomeric protein complex that consists of seven subunits [alpha-, beta-, beta'-, gamma-, delta-, epsilon-, and zeta-COP (nonclathrin coat protein)], has been shown to interact with dilysine motifs typically found in the cytoplasmic domains of various endoplasmic-reticulum-resident membrane proteins [Cosson, P. & Letourneur, F.(More)
Immunofluorescence and electron microscopical studies on the intracellular distribution of intermediate filaments (IFs) have demonstrated a close proximity of these cytoskeletal structures to cellular membranes. Moreover, nonepithelial IF (protein)s have been shown to exhibit high affinities for lipids, especially for negatively charged and nonpolar lipids.(More)
To complete the molecular characterization of coatomer, the preformed cytosolic complex that is involved in the formation of biosynthetic transport vesicles, we have cloned and characterized the gene for non-clathrin-coat protein alpha (alpha-COP) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The derived protein, molecular weight of 135,500, contains four WD-40 repeated(More)
Coatomer is a cytosolic protein complex that forms the coat of COP I-coated transport vesicles. In our attempt to analyze the physical and functional interactions between its seven subunits (coat proteins, [COPs] alpha-zeta), we engaged in a program to clone and characterize the individual coatomer subunits. We have now cloned, sequenced, and overexpressed(More)
The major cytosolic and membrane proteins that represent machinery of coat protein (COP)-coated transport vesicles within the secretory pathway are characterized to date. This has allowed investigation of the molecular mechanisms that underlie the formation of these vesicles. In vitro binding studies and reconstitution experiments have provided insights at(More)
Peroxisomal membrane protein (Pmp)26p (RnPex11p), a major constituent of induced rat liver peroxisomal membrane, was found to contain a COOH-terminal, cytoplasmically exposed consensus dilysine motif with the potential to bind coatomer. Biochemical as well as immunocytochemical evidence is presented showing that peroxisomes incubated with preparations of(More)