Cordelia Schiene-Fischer

Learn More
Receptor accessory peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases) of the FKBP and cyclophilin types form receptor heterocomplexes with different stabilities. PPIases have been found to associate with other receptor heterocomplex constituents via either proline-directed active sites or additional domains of the enzymes. The single-domain PPIases FKBP12 and(More)
It is an emerging view that in many cases cell signalling relies on slow conformational interconversions of the backbone of key proteins as exemplified by the prolyl cis/trans isomerization, and that prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases), such as cyclophilins, FK506-binding proteins and the parvulin-like Pin1, serve to integrate temporally and spatially(More)
The human peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) Pin1 has a key role in developmental processes and cell proliferation. Pin1 consists of an N-terminal WW domain and a C-terminal catalytic PPIase domain both targeted specifically to Ser(PO(3)H(2))/Thr(PO(3)H(2))-Pro sequences. Here, we report the enhanced affinity originating from bivalent binding of(More)
Pin1 is a phospho-specific prolyl isomerase that regulates numerous key signaling molecules and whose deregulation contributes to disease notably cancer. However, since prolyl isomerases are often believed to be constitutively active, little is known whether and how Pin1 catalytic activity is regulated. Here, we identify death-associated protein kinase 1(More)
Peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases can enzymatically assist protein folding, but these enzymes exclusively target the peptide bond preceding proline residues. Here we report the identification of the Hsp70 chaperone DnaK as the first member of a novel enzyme class of secondary amide peptide bond cis-trans isomerases (APIases). APIases selectively(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclosporin A (CsA) has important anti-microbial activity against parasites of the genus Leishmania, suggesting CsA-binding cyclophilins (CyPs) as potential drug targets. However, no information is available on the genetic diversity of this important protein family, and the mechanisms underlying the cytotoxic effects of CsA on intracellular(More)
Two functionally redundant enzymes, trigger factor and the hsp70 chaperone DnaK, have been found to assist de novo protein folding in E coli. Trigger factor is a peripheral peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) of the large subunit of the ribosome. In contrast, DnaK displays two catalytic features: the secondary amide peptide bond cis/trans isomerase(More)
The functional diversity of the tumor suppressor protein p53 is mainly regulated by protein interactions. In this study, we describe a new interaction with the peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase cyclophilin 18 (Cyp18). The interaction reduced the sequence-specific DNA binding of p53 in vitro, whereas the inhibition of the interaction increased p53-reporter(More)
Colicin M (Cma) is specifically imported into the periplasm of Escherichia coli and kills the cells. Killing depends on the periplasmic peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase/chaperone FkpA. To identify the Cma prolyl bonds targeted by FkpA, we replaced the 15 proline residues individually with alanine. Seven mutant proteins were fully active; Cma(P129A),(More)
Hensin is a rabbit ortholog of DMBT1, a multifunctional, multidomain protein implicated in the regulation of epithelial differentiation, innate immunity, and tumorigenesis. Hensin in the extracellular matrix (ECM) induced morphological changes characteristic of terminal differentiation in a clonal cell line (clone C) of rabbit kidney intercalated cells.(More)