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AIMS Monocyte systemic levels are known to be a major determinant of ischaemic tissue revascularization, but the mechanisms mediating mobilization of different monocyte subsets-Ly6C(hi) and Ly6C(lo)-to the blood and their respective role in post-ischaemic neovascularization are not clearly understood. Here, we hypothesized that distinct chemokine/chemokine(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies suggested that microRNA-21 may be upregulated in the liver in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), but its role in the development of this disease remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the role of microRNA-21 in NASH. DESIGN We inhibited or suppressed microRNA-21 in different mouse models of NASH: (a) low-density(More)
A dystrophin-related protein (DRP) encoded by a gene on chromosome 6 was studied in 14 normal and 79 pathological human skeletal muscle biopsies, as well as in cultured myotubes by light microscopic immunocytochemistry and quantitative immunoblots. In normal muscle immunoreactive DRP was present at the postjunctional surface membrane, at the surface of(More)
Exosomes are secreted vesicles formed in late endocytic compartments. Mature dendritic cells (DCs) secrete exosomes bearing functional MHC-peptide complexes and high levels of ICAM-1. Such exosomes can activate Ag-specific naive T cells but only after recapture by recipient APCs. In this study, we addressed the molecular mechanisms of interaction between(More)
Human muscle cultures undergo a long-term loss of myotubes and a decline in dystrophin content, which can be prevented by glucocorticoid treatment of the cultures. We confirmed these findings and extended them to show that the utrophin content of control and dexamethasone-treated normal myotube cultures is not significantly different. In contrast to normal(More)
BACKGROUND Interaction with heparan sulfate proteoglycans is supposed to provide chemokines with the capacity to immobilize on cell surface and extracellular matrix for accomplishing both tissue homing and signaling of attracted cells. However, the consequences of the exclusive invalidation of such interaction on the roles played by endogenous chemokines in(More)
We studied whether plasma levels of angiogenic factors VEGF and placental growth factor (PlGF) in coronary artery disease patients or undergoing cardiac surgery are modified, and whether those factors modulate endothelial progenitor’s angiogenic potential. A total of 143 patients’ plasmas from two different studies were analyzed (30 coronary artery disease(More)
Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is a severe ischemic disease responsible for heart failure and sudden death. Inflammatory cells orchestrate postischemic cardiac remodeling after MI. Studies using mice with defective mast/stem cell growth factor receptor c-Kit have suggested key roles for mast cells (MCs) in postischemic cardiac remodeling. Because c-Kit(More)
Migration of circulating leukocytes from the vasculature into the surrounding tissue is an important component of the inflammatory response. Among the cell surface molecules identified as contributing to leukocyte extravasation is VCAM-1, expressed on activated vascular endothelium, which participates in all stages of leukocyte-endothelial interaction by(More)
We investigated whether gingival fibroblasts (GFs) can modulate the differentiation and/or maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) and analyzed soluble factors that may be involved in this immune modulation. Experiments were performed using human monocytes in co-culture with human GFs in Transwell® chambers or using monocyte cultures treated(More)