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EphB2, a receptor tyrosine kinase regulated by the beta-catenin/Tcf4 complex, is expressed in the proliferative compartment of mouse intestine and regulates bidirectional migration of intestinal precursor cells in the crypt-villus axis through repulsive interaction with Ephrin-B ligands. Recently, it has been shown that reduction of EphB activity(More)
Human colonic epithelial cell renewal, proliferation, and differentiation are stringently controlled by numerous regulatory pathways. To identify genetic programs of human colonic epithelial cell differentiation in vivo as well as candidate marker genes that define colonic epithelial stem/progenitor cells and the stem cell niche, we applied gene expression(More)
Bmi1 is a polycomb group proto-oncogene that has been implicated in multiple tumor types. However, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development has not been well studied. In this article, we report that Bmi1 is overexpressed in human HCC samples. When Bmi1 expression is knocked down in human HCC cell lines, it significantly inhibits cell(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS De novo lipogenesis is believed to be involved in oncogenesis. We investigated the role of aberrant lipid biosynthesis in the pathogenesis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS We evaluated expression of enzymes that regulate lipogenesis in human normal liver tissues and HCC and surrounding, nontumor, liver tissues from(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Intestinal stem cells (ISCs) are regulated by the mesenchymal environment via physical interaction and diffusible factors. We examined the role of Indian hedgehog (Ihh) in mesenchymal organization and the mechanisms by which perturbations in epithelial-mesenchymal interactions affect ISC fate. METHODS We generated mice with intestinal(More)
OBJECTIVE Human embryonic stem (ES) cells provide a unique model for studying the development and function of human tissues and have proven utility in a number of areas. However, results from ES cell-based studies have been limited by the paucity of information available about early human hematopoietic development. METHODS To better understand early(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major malignancies worldwide. We have previously characterized global gene expression patterns in HCC using microarrays. Here, we report the analysis of genomic DNA copy number among 49 HCC samples using BAC array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). We observed recurrent and characteristic chromosomal(More)
Bmi1 is a polycomb group transcriptional repressor and it has been implicated in regulating self-renewal and proliferation of many types of stem or progenitor cells. In addition, Bmi1 has been shown to function as an oncogene in multiple tumor types. In this study, we investigated the functional significance of Bmi1 in regulating hepatic oval cells, the(More)
UNLABELLED Activation of v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) and Ras pathways is often implicated in carcinogenesis. However, the oncogenic cooperation between these two cascades in relationship to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development remains undetermined. To investigate this issue, we generated a mouse model characterized by combined(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of cancer deaths worldwide. New diagnostic and therapeutic options are needed for more effective and early detection and treatment of this malignancy. We identified 703 genes that are highly expressed in HCC using DNA microarrays, and further characterized them in order to uncover novel tumor(More)