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Germ-line mutations in the human adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene result in familial adenomatous polyposis, an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the early onset of multiple adenomatous polyps in the large bowel with a high likelihood of developing colorectal carcinomas. To understand the role of APC in intestinal tumor formation, we have(More)
Two forms of genetic instability have been described in colorectal cancer: microsatellite instability and chromosomal instability. Microsatellite instability results from mutations in mismatch repair genes; chromosomal instability is the hallmark of many colorectal cancers, although it is not completely understood at the molecular level. As truncations of(More)
The Wnt signal-transduction pathway induces the nuclear translocation of membrane-bound beta-catenin (Catnb) and has a key role in cell-fate determination. Tight somatic regulation of this signal is essential, as uncontrolled nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin can cause developmental defects and tumorigenesis in the adult organism. The adenomatous(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene is considered as the true gatekeeper of colonic epithelial proliferation: It is mutated in the majority of colorectal tumors, and mutations occur at early stages of tumor development in mouse and man. These mutant proteins lack most of the seven 20-amino-acid repeats and all SAMP motifs that have been associated(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Germline mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene are responsible for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), an autosomal dominant predisposition to the formation of multiple colorectal adenomas. Moreover, patients with FAP are at high risk of developing several extracolonic manifestations, including desmoids, cutaneous cysts,(More)
The identification of germline mutations in families with HNPCC is hampered by genetic heterogeneity and clinical variability. In previous studies, MSH2 and MLH1 mutations were found in approximately two-thirds of the Amsterdam-criteria-positive families and in much lower percentages of the Amsterdam-criteria-negative families. Therefore, a considerable(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Synchronous activation of the Wnt signaling pathway, mostly because of loss of function of the APC tumor suppressor, and of the oncogenic KRAS-signaling pathway is very frequent in colorectal cancer and is associated with poor prognosis. METHODS We have generated a compound transgenic mouse model, KRAS(V12G)/Apc(+/1638N), to recapitulate(More)
According to the classical interpretation of Knudson's 'two-hit' hypothesis for tumorigenesis, the two 'hits' are independent mutation events, the end result of which is loss of a tumor suppressing function. Recently, it has been shown that the APC (adenomatous polyposis coli) gene does not entirely follow this model. Both the position and type of the(More)
The APC gene, originally identified as the gene for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), is now considered as the true "gatekeeper" of colonic epithelial proliferation. Its main tumor suppressing activity seems to reside in the capacity to properly regulate intracellular beta-catenin signaling. Most somatic APC mutations are detected between codons 1286(More)
The Apc1638N mouse carries a targeted mutant allele at the endogenous adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) gene and represents a unique in vivo model to study intestinal tumor formation and progression. Heterozygous Apc+/Apc1638N mice progressively develop 5-6 adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the small intestine within the first 6 months of life following a(More)