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Neurodegenerative diseases have an increased prevalence and incidence nowadays, mainly due to aging of the population. In addition, current treatments lack efficacy, mostly due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that limits the penetration of the drugs to the central nervous system. Therefore, novel drug delivery systems are required.(More)
The development of novel and efficient delivery systems is often the limiting step in fields such as antisense therapies. In this context, poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles have been obtained by a versatile and simple technology based on nano-emulsion templating and low-energy emulsification methods, performed in mild conditions,(More)
Formation of polymeric O/W nano-emulsions has been studied in the water/polyoxyethylene 4 sorbitan monolaurate/ethylcellulose solution system by the phase inversion composition (PIC) method. These nano-emulsions were used for the preparation of nanoparticles by solvent evaporation. Composition variables such as O/S ratio or final water content as well as(More)
The potential of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP)-dependent aldolases to catalyze stereoselective aldol additions is, in many instances, limited by the solubility of the acceptor aldehyde in aqueous/co-solvent mixtures. Herein, we demonstrate the efficiency of emulsion systems as reaction media for the class I fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (RAMA) and(More)
Polymeric nanoparticle dispersions containing dexamethasone (DXM) have been prepared from O/W nano-emulsions of the water/polysorbate 80/[4 wt% poly(lactide-co-glycolide) acid+0.18 wt% DXM in ethyl acetate] system by a low-energy method at 25°C. Nano-emulsions were formed at O/S ratios between 45/55 and 72/25 and water contents above 70 wt% by the phase(More)
This review describes the principles of formation and stability of nano-emulsions. It starts with an introduction highlighting the main advantages of nano-emulsions over macroemulsions for personal care and cosmetic formulations. It also describes the main problems with lack of progress on nano-emulsions. The second section deals with the mechanism of(More)
OBJECTIVES/AIMS The influence of emulsion droplet size on the skin penetration of a model drug, tetracaine, was studied. For this purpose, in vitro dermal and transdermal delivery of tetracaine from 6 emulsions (3 macro-emulsions with droplet sizes >1 microm and 3 nano-emulsions with droplet sizes <100 nm) were tested. METHODS Two approaches were used: in(More)
The formation of O/W nano-emulsions by the PIT emulsification method in water/mixed nonionic surfactant/oil systems has been studied. The hydrophilic-lipophilic properties of the surfactant were varied by mixing polyoxyethylene 4-lauryl ether (C12E4) and polyoxyethylene 6-lauryl ether (C12E6). Emulsification was performed in samples with constant oil(More)
The formation of O/W nano-emulsions suitable for pharmaceutical application and the solubilisation of a practically non-water-soluble drug, lidocaine, have been studied in water/non-ionic surfactant/oil systems. Nano-emulsions were prepared by using low-energy emulsification methods, changing the composition at constant temperature. Kinetic stability was(More)
Nanomedicine research is currently requiring new standard methods to quantify the biocompatibility and bioadhesivity of emerging biomaterials designed to be used in contact with blood or soft tissues. In this study, we used biotinylated polyurethane-urea nanoparticles as a model to examine the applicabitility of an adapted hemagglutination assay to quantify(More)