Conxita Solans

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This review describes the principles of formation and stability of nano-emulsions. It starts with an introduction highlighting the main advantages of nano-emulsions over macroemulsions for personal care and cosmetic formulations. It also describes the main problems with lack of progress on nano-emulsions. The second section deals with the mechanism of(More)
OBJECTIVES/AIMS The influence of emulsion droplet size on the skin penetration of a model drug, tetracaine, was studied. For this purpose, in vitro dermal and transdermal delivery of tetracaine from 6 emulsions (3 macro-emulsions with droplet sizes >1 microm and 3 nano-emulsions with droplet sizes <100 nm) were tested. METHODS Two approaches were used: in(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases have an increased prevalence and incidence nowadays, mainly due to aging of the population. In addition, current treatments lack efficacy, mostly due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that limits the penetration of the drugs to the central nervous system. Therefore, novel drug delivery systems are required.(More)
The formation of O/W nano-emulsions suitable for pharmaceutical application and the solubilisation of a practically non-water-soluble drug, lidocaine, have been studied in water/non-ionic surfactant/oil systems. Nano-emulsions were prepared by using low-energy emulsification methods, changing the composition at constant temperature. Kinetic stability was(More)
The development of novel and efficient delivery systems is often the limiting step in fields such as antisense therapies. In this context, poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles have been obtained by a versatile and simple technology based on nano-emulsion templating and low-energy emulsification methods, performed in mild conditions,(More)
Formation of polymeric O/W nano-emulsions has been studied in the water/polyoxyethylene 4 sorbitan monolaurate/ethylcellulose solution system by the phase inversion composition (PIC) method. These nano-emulsions were used for the preparation of nanoparticles by solvent evaporation. Composition variables such as O/S ratio or final water content as well as(More)
Synthetic branched-chain glycolipids have become of great interest in biomimicking research, since they provide a suitable alternative for natural glycolipids, which are difficult to extract from natural resources. Therefore, branched-chain glycolipids obtained by direct syntheses are of utmost interest. In this work, two new branched-chain glycolipids are(More)
The low-energy emulsification method Emulsion Inversion Point (EIP) was used to prepare O/W nano-emulsions in the W/potassium oleate-oleic acid-C(12)E(10)/hexadecane ionic system. This method had not practically been used in ionic systems up to now. The resulting droplet sizes, much smaller than those obtained with the high-energy emulsification methods,(More)
Activation of inflammatory pathways in endothelial cells contributes to tumour growth and progression in multiple human cancers. Cellular adhesion molecules are involved in leukocyte recruitment to the vascular inflammatory environment where it plays a critical role in angiogenesis, suppression of apoptosis, proliferation, invasion and metastasis. We(More)
The aim of this work is to study, through experimental design, the effect of vessel geometry and scale-up in the properties of nano-emulsions prepared through the phase inversion composition method (PIC). Results show that a proper mixing is crucial for small droplet-sized nano-emulsions, especially when remaining free oil is found together with the key(More)