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BACKGROUND Governments need to increase the proportion of the population in work in most developed countries because of ageing populations. We investigated longitudinally how self-perceived health is affected by work and retirement in older workers. METHODS We examined trajectories of self-rated health in 14 714 employees (11 581 [79%] men) from the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of marital and job stress on depressive symptoms in middle aged women with coronary heart disease (CHD) and healthy women who were cohabiting and currently working. METHOD Data were obtained from the Stockholm Female Coronary Risk (FemCorRisk) Study, a population-based case-control study,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Snoring is associated with a significant increased risk for acute myocardial infarction and stroke. However, our knowledge of mechanisms is still incomplete. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of snoring in combination with feelings of tiredness on the 3-year progression of atherosclerosis in women with cardiovascular(More)
PURPOSE Sickness presenteeism, defined as 'going to work despite judging that one should have reported in sick', is usually considered to be a complementary alternative to sickness absence. Nonetheless, several studies have reported a positive association between sickness absence and sickness presenteeism. The aim of the present study was to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Job strain (i.e., high job demands combined with low job control) is a frequently used indicator of harmful work stress, but studies have often used partial versions of the complete multi-item job demands and control scales. Understanding whether the different instruments assess the same underlying concepts has crucial implications for the(More)
We proposed that double exposure to stressors at work and from family are associated with increased coronary risk in women and that the same exposures are accompanied by depressive feelings. The study group comprised 292 women coronary patients (30-65 years) and 292 age-matched healthy controls. Work-stress, marital-stress, and depressive symptoms were(More)
BACKGROUND Earlier studies have suggested that sickness presenteeism (SP) may be a risk factor for future health problems. The purpose of the present study was to test this in a nationally representative prospective study of Swedish workers. METHODS Prospective cohort with a representative sample of the Swedish working population surveyed in 2008 and(More)
BACKGROUND Although both depressive symptoms and social isolation in relation to coronary heart disease have been studied previously, few have examined their joint effects on coronary atherosclerosis progression in women. METHOD Among the women enrolled in the Stockholm Female Coronary Angiography Study, Sweden, between 1991 and 1994, 102 were evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that gainfully employed individuals with high work demands and low control at work (denoted "job strain") are at increased risk of common mental disorders, including depression. Most existing studies have, however, measured depression using self-rated symptom scales that do not necessarily correspond to clinically(More)
Introduction The aim was to describe the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP) and to explore possible associations with work characteristics among Swedish police officers. Methods Questionnaire data from 11,793 police officers were analysed. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for SP were calculated with modified Poisson regression. SP(More)