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RATIONALE Noisy ventilation with variable Vt may improve respiratory function in acute lung injury. OBJECTIVES To determine the impact of noisy ventilation on respiratory function and its biological effects on lung parenchyma compared with conventional protective mechanical ventilation strategies. METHODS In a porcine surfactant depletion model of lung(More)
A wide range of industrial chemicals can induce respiratory allergic reactions. Hence, there is an urgent need for methods identifying and characterizing the biological action of chemicals in the lung. Here, we present an easy, reliable alternative method to measure lung function changes ex vivo after exposure to chemical allergens and compare this to(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that ventilation with 3 mL/kg tidal volume combined with extracorporeal CO2 removal by arteriovenous interventional lung assist reduces ventilator-associated organ injury in experimental acute lung injury when compared with ventilation with 6 mL/kg tidal volume without interventional lung assist. DESIGN Prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore whether 1) conventional pressure support ventilation improves lung function and attenuates the pulmonary inflammatory response compared to pressure-controlled ventilation and 2) random variation of pressure support levels (noisy pressure support ventilation) adds further beneficial effects to pressure support ventilation. DESIGN(More)
The mechanical forces acting on lung parenchyma during (mechanical) ventilation and its (patho)physiological consequences are currently under intense scrutiny. Several in vivo and cell culture models have been developed to study the pulmonary responses to mechanical stretch. While providing extremely useful information, these models do also suffer from(More)
CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) and its two ligands, CCL17 and CCL22, are critically involved in different immune processes. In models of lipopolysaccharide-induced shock, CCR4-deficient (CCR4(-/-)) mice showed improved survival rates associated with attenuated proinflammatory cytokine release. Using CCR4(-/-) mice with a C57BL/6 background, this study(More)
BACKGROUND Animal models should display important characteristics of the human disease. Sheep have been considered particularly useful to study allergic airway responses to common natural antigens causing human asthma. A rationale of this study was to establish a model of ovine precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) for the in vitro measurement of airway(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas the effects of various inspiratory ventilatory modifications in lung injury have extensively been studied, those of expiratory ventilatory modifications are less well known. We hypothesized that the newly developed flow-controlled expiration (FLEX) mode provides a means of attenuating experimental lung injury. METHODS Experimental acute(More)
The lung has a huge inner alveolar surface composed of epithelial cell layers. The knowledge about mechanical properties of lung epithelia is helpful to understand the complex lung mechanics and biomechanical interactions. Methods have been developed to determine mechanical indices (e.g., tissue elasticity) which are both very complex and in need of costly(More)