Constantinos M. Athanassopoulos

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In bacteria, the biosynthesis of polyamines is modulated at the level of transcription as well as post-translationally. Antizyme (Az) has long been identified as a non-competitive protein inhibitor of polyamine biosynthesis in E. coli. Az was also revealed to be the product of the atoC gene. AtoC is the response regulator of the AtoS-AtoC two-component(More)
Trioxsalen (TRX) is a 4,5',8-trimethylated psoralen analog presenting interesting biological activities when irradiated with UVA light. A series of TRX derivatives, which where obtained by its chemical modification and incorporation of a variety of unsaturated functions at position 4' of the psoralen ring-system, were evaluated for their antioxidant(More)
The solid phase isobaric mass tagging (SPIMT) approach is presented for simultaneous protein quantitation and identification. The novelty of the SPIMT strategy relies on a CID-based differentiation of regioisomeric species for quantitation of tagged proteolytic peptides. SPIMTs are unlabeled mass-tagging reagents, which consist of a reporter group, a mass(More)
NMR studies have been used to examine conformational effects in thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), the epimer incorporating D-His, and their analogues where trans- and cis-4-hydroxy-L-proline replace L-proline (Pro). In all six compounds the observed overall conformation of the major conformer around the Pro-His amide bond, and the observed increase of(More)
A novel synthetic route to the chemoselectively protected N,S-ditritylglutathione monomethyl ester is described involving the chemical modification of the commercially available glutathione (GSH). The synthetic value of this building block in the facile preparation of GSH bioconjugates in a satisfying overall yield was exemplified by the case of(More)
Activation of minoxidil (MNX) with N,N'-carbonyldiimidazole and coupling with natural polyamines (PAs) and commercially available aliphatic or aromatic amines provided a series of new conjugates which were evaluated for their ability to induce differentiation to HL-60 acute myeloid leukemia cancer cells, using a modified NBTZ reduction test. Although(More)
Kukoamine A (KukA) is a spermine (SPM) conjugate with dihydrocaffeic acid (DHCA), with interesting biological activities. The four possible regioisomers of KukA, as well as a series of KukA analogs incorporating changes in either the SPM or the DHCA structural units, were evaluated for their antioxidant activity and their inhibitory activity on soybean(More)
A series of 5- and 8-methoxypsoralen (MOP) analogs, suitable for structure-antioxidative/anti-inflammatory activity relationship studies, were synthesized using as key-reactions the selective monobromination of MOPs with N-bromosaccharin and either a Heck reaction or a Suzuki coupling or a Suzuki coupling followed by a Wittig reaction to install side-chains(More)
Selective alkylation of the antipsoriatic drug dithranol (DTR) at C-10 with tert-butyl bromoacetate, followed by acid-mediated deprotection, produced the corresponding carboxylic acid 4 which was coupled with selectively protected polyamines (PAs), such as putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD) and spermine (SPM), dopamine and aliphatic amines and substituted(More)
Retinoids constitute a family of organic compounds that are being used for the treatment of various diseases, ranging from acne vulgaris to acute promyelocytic leukemia. Their use however is limited due to serious adverse effects and there is a great need for analogues with better safety profile. In the present work, the effect of(More)