Constantinos Chrysostomou

Learn More
OBJECTIVES We analyzed the role of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) supplementation during cardiopulmonary bypass in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery, assessing the incidence of hypomagnesemia and the incidence of junctional ectopic tachycardia. METHODS We performed a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial in 99 children. MgSO(4) or placebo(More)
OBJECTIVE In this report, we describe our experience with the use of dexmedetomidine in spontaneously breathing as well as in mechanically ventilated patients, after congenital cardiac and thoracic surgery. DESIGN Retrospective case series. SETTING University hospital, pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. PATIENTS Thirty-three spontaneously(More)
OBJECTIVE Efficient diagnosis of an underlying genetic aetiology in a patient with congenital heart disease is essential to optimising clinical care. Copy number variants are one aetiology of congenital heart disease; the majority are identifiable by targeted fluorescence in situ hybridisation or array comparative genomic hybridisation, not by classical(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial and junctional tachyarrhythmias occur frequently during the perioperative period for congenital cardiac surgery and can be a cause of increased morbidity and mortality. These rhythm disturbances that may be well tolerated in a normal heart can cause significant hemodynamic instability in patients with congenital heart defects, particularly(More)
OBJECTIVES The current drug of choice for reentrant supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is adenosine followed by verapamil or diltiazem. Although limitations and significant adverse events have been encountered over the years, an alternative effective and safe agent has not been available. Dexmedetomidine has recently been shown to have potential(More)
OBJECTIVES In children with cardiac disease, common indications for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) include refractory cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR), failure to separate from cardiopulmonary bypass (OR-ECMO), and low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS-ECMO). Despite established acceptance, ECMO outcomes are suboptimal with a survival between(More)
Assessment of electrocardiographic (ECG) effects of dexmedetomidine. Prospective observational study including children 0–17 years of age with congenital heart disease (CHD) and children following cardiothoracic surgery. Patients who did not receive dexmedetomidine were used as a control group. All patients had two ECGs: one baseline, pre-dexmedetomidine(More)
OBJECTIVES Abnormal diaphragmatic motion secondary to phrenic nerve injury is not uncommon after pediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Fluoroscopy is the most frequent method of diagnosis but it carries risks associated with transportation of critically ill children and exposure to ionizing radiation. Ultrasonography, a reliable diagnostic method in adults,(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative tachyarrhythmias remain a common complication after congenital cardiac operations. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α-2 adrenoreceptor agonist, can have a therapeutic role in supraventricular tachyarrhythmias for cardioversion to sinus rhythm or heart rate control. Whether routine perioperative use of DEX decreases the incidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Advancements in the preoperative management of patients with single-ventricle physiology continue to evolve. Previous reports have questioned the benefit of using inhaled nitrogen in single-ventricle patients, suggesting that this therapeutic modality may not provide adequate systemic cardiac output. The objective of this study was to review our(More)