Constantine P. Karakousis

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The present issue of the International Journal of Surgical Oncology on Pelvic Surgery contains a series of articles on prostate cancer, gynecologic malignancies, and rectal cancer. The article on " radical prostatectomy as a first-line treatment in patients with initial PSA >20 ng/mL " by Hinev et al. reports on patients diagnosed with prostate cancer (PCa)(More)
Although the platysma muscle is usually preserved during neck dissection, removal of this muscle is generally considered inconsequential. The present case report shows that sacrifice of the cervical branch of the facial nerve innervating this muscle and removal of the platysma's upper portion impairs the caudal retraction and eversion of the ipsilateral(More)
High sacral resections may best be performed with the use of fine rongeurs to divide the fused sacral laminae at the proposed line of transection of the bone posteriorly. Thus, the sacral canal is opened, and with gentle dissection, the dural sac and sacral roots at this level are displaced superiorly and laterally. At this level, the fused sacral bodies(More)
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