Constantine C Alifrangis

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OBJECTIVES To assess the needs of cancer patients for information about their condition and to understand the psychological impact of their illness. BACKGROUND The discussion of prognosis and treatment options in the palliative setting is an important and difficult part of oncology practice. To evaluate this, we examined the experiences of cancer patients(More)
BRAF (v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B) inhibitors elicit a transient anti-tumor response in ∼ 80% of BRAF(V600)-mutant melanoma patients that almost uniformly precedes the emergence of resistance. Here we used a mouse model of melanoma in which melanocyte-specific expression of Braf(V618E) (analogous to the human BRAF(V600E) mutation) led to(More)
PURPOSE Patients with high-risk (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics score ≥ 7) gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) frequently receive etoposide, methotrexate, and dactinomycin alternating weekly with cyclophosphamide and vincristine (EMA/CO). Between 1979 and 1995, overall survival (OS) with this regimen at our institute was 85.4%(More)
Following the fanfare of initial, often dramatic, success with small molecule inhibitors in the treatment of defined genomic subgroups, it can be argued that the extension of targeted therapeutics to the majority of patients with solid cancers has stalled. Despite encouraging FDA approval rates, the attrition rates of these compounds remains high in early(More)
A major challenge in cancer genetics is to determine which low-frequency somatic mutations are drivers of tumorigenesis. Here we interrogate the genomes of 7,651 diverse human cancers and find inactivating mutations in the homeodomain transcription factor gene CUX1 (cut-like homeobox 1) in ~1-5% of various tumors. Meta-analysis of CUX1 mutational status in(More)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) has been previously thought of as a rare illness, but is now increasingly diagnosed as a result of the more intensive investigations of patients with cystic pulmonary disease. In recent years, treatments developed from our new understanding of the molecular biology of malignant disease have been applied to patients with(More)
To take out a personal subscription, please click here More information about Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research at BRAF/NRAS wild-type melanoma, NF1 status and sensitivity to trametinib Marco Ranzani1, Constantine Alifrangis, Daniele Perna, Ken Dutton-Regester, Antonia Pritchard, Kim Wong, Mamunur Rashid, Carla Daniela Robles-Espinoza,(More)
BACKGROUND Docetaxel and vinorelbine have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). This prospective feasibility study compared the efficacy of these two treatments in MBC. METHODS Patients with MBC progressing following anthracycline treatment were randomly assigned to either docetaxel (100 mg/m(2)day 1 q3W) or vinorelbine(More)
Gestational trophoblastic disease is a spectrum of disorders ranging from premalignant hydatidiform moles through to malignant invasive moles, choriocarcinoma and rare placental site trophoblastic tumor. The latter are often collectively referred to as gestational trophoblastic tumors or neoplasia (GTN). Although most women can expect to be cured of their(More)
AIMS Studies of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have generally recruited individuals with newly diagnosed metastatic cancer, with recent data also indicating their prognostic value in the adjuvant setting. Their role in dying patients has not been established. EXPERIMENTAL CTCs were measured in 43 individuals with metastatic breast cancer estimated to have(More)