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Endothelial plasmalemmal vesicles (EV) are distinct membrane-bound structures characteristic for all vascular endothelia, being involved in transcytosis of plasma macromolecules. EV are considered to be similar to the caveolae (characterized by a specific peptide called caveolin) found in other cell types. Caveolin-rich membrane domains were recently(More)
Histamine covalently bound to glutaraldehyde-activated ferritin was prepared as either monomers or as small aggregates of approximately 0.05 to 0.15 micrometer Diam, suitable for electron microscopic detection of histamine cellular binding sites. The histamine-ferritin conjugates (MF) maintain the histamine capability to induce the opening of endothelial(More)
Extracts of isolated microvascular endothelial cells (MEC) and cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), electrotransfer and incubation with albumin either radioiodinated or adsorbed to 5-nm gold particles. Both ligands reacted exclusively with two peptides of 18(More)
In endothelial cells (EC), caveolae or plasmalemmal vesicles (PVs) represent a structurally and biochemically specialized membrane microdomain. Since few data are available on the biochemical composition of PVs of large vessel endothelium, we have designed experiments to isolate this domain and to analyze its chemical components. A highly purified apical(More)
Vascular endothelium was investigated by indirect immunofluorescence and immunoautoradiography for the possible presence of spectrin-like molecules. Antibodies were raised against electrophoretically purified rat, rabbit, and bovine red blood cell spectrin and against rabbit brain fodrin. Antibody specificity was assessed by immunoblotting and(More)
The uptake and transport of carrier-bound thyroxine by the endothelium were investigated by perfusing through the heart and lung of young rats radiolabeled thyroxine bound to prealbumin ([125I]T4Pa) or serum ([125I]T4S). In addition these complexes were tagged to 5-nm gold particles to obtain quantitative (radioassay) and qualitative (autoradiography) data(More)
The endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction is a common characteristic of various pathologies that include atherosclerosis, hypertension, and Fabry's disease. Aware of the role of eNO and ACE in EC dysfunction, we questioned whether polymorphism of eNOS and/or ACE gene may be a common denominator in these pathologies. Patients with CHD (108), HT (109), Fabry's(More)
Emerging evidence demonstrates the involvement of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. The molecular mechanisms accountable for the increased production of ET-1 are not completely defined. The Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway is an(More)
The gene encoding endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is involved in abnormalities in nitric oxide (NO) synthesis that mediates functional damage of vascular cells, especially of endothelial cells (ECs), a common characteristic in cardiovascular diseases. In Fabry's disease, the characteristic mutation in the alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-gal A) gene(More)