Constantina Gartzonika

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A 6-year study of stool samples from 4604 children hospitalized for acute gastroenteritis was conducted to investigate the role of enteric viruses as a cause of gastroenteritis in north-west Greece. Rotaviruses, noroviruses, adenoviruses and astroviruses were detected in 21.35%, 4%, 3.5% and 2.35%, respectively, by enzyme immunoassays and molecular(More)
The HPV16 E1∧E4 protein is thought to contribute to the release of newly formed viral particles from infected epithelia. In order to investigate amino acid mutations in the HPV16 E1∧E4 protein, the complete E4 ORF was amplified by PCR in 27 HPV16-positive cervical samples, and the amplicons were cloned. Fifteen nucleic acid variations were identified in the(More)
Echovirus 3 (E3) serotype has been related with several neurologic diseases, although it constitutes one of the rarely isolated serotypes, with no report of epidemics in Europe. The aim of the present study was to provide insights into the molecular epidemiology and evolution of this enterovirus serotype, while an E3 strain was isolated from sewage in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the continuing high incidence of brucellosis, vague aspects of pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment continue to exist, particularly with regard to the ability of Brucella species to survive inside the host. METHODS A quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay was used for monitoring bacterial DNA load in(More)
Serotypes and antibiotic sensitivities were determined for 338 strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae from children of north-western Greece with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), acute otitis media (AOM) and nasopharyngeal carriage. The most common serotypes among the isolates from IPD were 14 and 19F, while 3, 19F, 9V and 14 were the major cause of AOM. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiovascular complications represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing vascular surgery. This was a prospective randomized, open-label study to investigate the effect of lipid-lowering treatment by statin monotherapy or intensified by combining statin with ezetimibe on a  12-month  prognosis after vascular surgery.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the most recent commercial interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT), with the tuberculin skin test (TST) in Greek army recruits who were bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccinated during childhood and had no history of tuberculosis (TB) exposure. METHOD We conducted a cross-sectional comparison(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the fact that the NDM-1 carbapenemase has successfully disseminated worldwide, outbreaks remain uncommon in the European region. We describe the characteristics of the first outbreaks caused by NDM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clonal isolates in Greece. METHODS Between January 2010 and June 2013, 132 non-repetitive(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by the Leishmania donovani complex, is a vector-borne systemic disease, with a worldwide distribution causing high morbidity and mortality in the developing world. VL patients may be asymptomatic or they may present symptoms and findings of a systemic infection. The positive predictive value of clinical diagnosis in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated comparatively the predictive value of postoperative cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatinine kinase (CK)-MB, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in 1-year cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing elective vascular surgery. METHODS A total of 295 consecutive patients undergoing elective(More)