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Many individuals die suddenly and unexpectedly outside the hospital or in the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions, needs and mourning reactions of their bereaved relatives and to assess the relationship with the cause of death. Data were collected prospectively in the emergency department of a university(More)
The preoperative cognitive test performance of 77 candidates for elective open-heart surgery that did not suffer from carotid artery stenosis, was compared with the performance of 37 normal controls. Multivariate analysis of variance, with state anxiety score and depression score as covariates, showed a significantly reduced cognitive performance in the(More)
BACKGROUND Compliance with referral for out-patient aftercare of psychiatric emergency patients is limited. This study investigated the efficacy of a combination of several referral strategies (fixed appointment, involvement of the family, presence of the aftercare person, motivational counselling) in increasing referral and treatment compliance of patients(More)
Mortality and morbidity of 158 patients with severe head injury were studied in relation to age, and early (24-h) clinical and computed tomography data. For comparison of outcome data in survivors, a group of 32 patients with traumatic injuries to parts of the body other than the head was used as controls. Within the head-injured group, the mortality rate(More)
The study by Newman et al. (Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 1989) compared subjective reports of cognition with assessed cognitive performance in patients one year after coronary artery bypass surgery. The current study reinvestigated this relation in a larger and more heterogeneous group--90 cardiac patients six months after cardiopulmonary(More)
Neuropsychological test performance and subjective complaints of 85 patients with moderate to severe head injury were investigated at 6 months postinjury. The neuropsychological test battery included 10 measures of attention, memory, mental flexibility, reaction time, visuoconstruction and verbal fluency. Subjective complaints were assessed using a(More)
OBJECTIVE The study attempted to examine the relationship between neuropsychological functioning and reduced cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), raised intracranial pressure (ICP), and reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP), monitored during intensive care treatment. DESIGN This prospective follow-up study included consecutive patients and evaluated outcome(More)
Neuropsychological outcome and recovery of a group of 91 patients with moderate-to-severe head injuries were prospectively investigated over a 2 year period, with evaluations at acute hospital discharge at 6 months and 2 years post-injury. A group of 39 trauma patients with injuries to parts of the body other than the head were used as controls. The head(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive dysfunction after extracorporeal circulation is a major continuing problem in modern cardiac surgery. We designed this prospective study to update the incidence of postoperative neuropsychological changes after routine cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and to identify perioperative variables associated with these complications. METHODS We(More)