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Experiments were performed to gain further insight into chromosome structure and behavior at common fragile sites by testing the hypothesis that gaps at these sites predispose to intrachromosomal recombination as measured by sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs). Human lymphocytes were concurrently treated with aphidicolin, for determination of fragile site(More)
A minority of the reported cases of terminal 2q37 deletion clinically resemble Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO)/pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism and have only mild-to-moderate mental retardation. Our molecular and cytogenetic fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) findings on an additional three patients further reduce the size of the minimal(More)
Numerous human disorders, including Cockayne syndrome, UV-sensitive syndrome, xeroderma pigmentosum, and trichothiodystrophy, result from the mutation of genes encoding molecules important for nucleotide excision repair. Here, we describe a syndrome in which the cardinal clinical features include short stature, hearing loss, premature aging, telangiectasia,(More)
Chromosomal fragile sites are points on chromosomes that usually appear as nonstaining chromosome or chromatid gaps. It has frequently been suggested that fragile sites may be involved in chromosome breakage and recombination events. We and others have previously shown that fragile sites predispose to intrachromosomal recombination as measured by(More)
We have found a single 4p+ chromosomal abnormality, 46,XX, -4, +der(4)t(3;4)(q13.3;p16), in a patient with an unusual B cell leukemia of mature phenotype characterized by a high white cell count, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive malignant cells, splenic white pulp proliferation, and a serum IgM monoclonal gammopathy. The malignant cells were(More)
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an X-linked dominant disorder characterized by developmental anomalies of the tissues and organs derived from embryonic ectoderm and neuroectoderm. An IP locus, designated IP1, probably resides in Xp11.21, since five unrelated patients with nonfamilial IP have been identified who possess constitutional de novo reciprocal(More)
Somatic cell hybrids that retain derivative X chromosomes from women with sporadic incontinentia pigmenti (IP1) and de novo X/autosomal translocations with consistent breakpoints at Xp11.21 were constructed. An assembled hybrid panel was used to physically map DNA sequences in relationship to the IP breakpoint. DSX14 was found to map to region(More)
Cytogenetic deletions and/or loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the short arm of chromosome 3, often with a break at 3p14, are well documented in lung tumors. The coincidence of a chromosomal fragile site, FRA3B, at a common chromosomal breakpoint in lung cancer has suggested that fragility at this site may predispose to breakage that could contribute to(More)
Von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis (NF1) is a common autosomal dominant disorder mapped to 17q11.2 and typically characterized by the occurrence of neural crest-derived tumors. The gene has recently been cloned using reverse genetics or "positional cloning" approaches. Its function, however, remains unknown. We have performed cytogenetic and molecular(More)
A third case of an interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 6 with clinical features mimicking Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is presented. Although preliminary clinical evaluation in each case suggested PWS, further review revealed that the features in all three cases are not completely compatible with the characteristic findings in Prader-Willi(More)