Constance J. Jeffery

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The idea of one gene--one protein--one function has become too simple because increasing numbers of proteins are found to have two or more different functions. The multiple functions of such moonlighting proteins add another dimension to cellular complexity and benefit cells in several ways. However, cells have had to develop sophisticated mechanisms for(More)
Recently, several laboratories identifying proteins involved in the complex processes of replication, transcription and tumor suppression found that the 'new' protein they discovered had another, previously identified, function. A single protein with multiple functions might seem surprising, but there are actually many cases of proteins that 'moonlight', or(More)
The development of specialized nanoparticles for use in the detection and treatment of cancer is increasing. Methods are being proposed and tested that could target treatments more directly to cancer cells, which could lead to higher efficacy and reduced toxicity, possibly even eliminating the adverse effects of damage to the immune system and the loss of(More)
A growing number of diverse proteins are being identified that moonlight. Moonlighting proteins comprise an interesting subset of multifunctional proteins in which the two functions are found in a single polypeptide chain. They do not include proteins that are multifunctional due to gene fusions, families of homologous proteins, splice variants, or(More)
Mass spectrometry has become one of the most important techniques in proteomics because of its use to identify the proteins found in different cell types, organelles, and multiprotein complexes. This information about protein location and binding partners can provide valuable clues to infer a protein's function. However, more and more proteins are found(More)
Adding to the difficulty of interpreting the human genome sequence and annotating protein sequence databases is the observation that a single protein can 'moonlight' or perform multiple, apparently unrelated, functions. This review summarizes examples of moonlighting proteins in cellular activities and biochemical pathways important in cancer and other(More)
Phosphoglucose isomerase (EC ) catalyzes the second step in glycolysis, the reversible isomerization of D-glucose 6-phosphate to D-fructose 6-phosphate. The reaction mechanism involves acid-base catalysis with proton transfer and proceeds through a cis-enediol(ate) intermediate. 5-Phospho-D-arabinonohydroxamic acid (5PAH) is a synthetic small molecule that(More)
Type I phosphomannose isomerases (PMIs) are zinc-dependent metalloenzymes involved in the reversible isomerization of D-mannose 6-phosphate (M6P) and D-fructose 6-phosphate (F6P). 5-Phospho-D-arabinonohydroxamic acid (5PAH), an inhibitor endowed with nanomolar affinity for yeast (Type I) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Type II) PMIs (Roux et al., Biochemistry(More)
Phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI; E.C. catalyzes the second step in glycolysis, the interconversion of D-glucose-6-phosphate and D-fructose-6-phosphate. We determined the X-ray crystal structure of rabbit PGI complexed with a competitive inhibitor of isomerase activity, 5-phospho-D-arabinonate (5PAA), at 1.9 A resolution. 5PAA is a better mimic of the(More)
Moonlighting proteins comprise a subset of multifunctional proteins that perform two or more biochemical functions that are not due to gene fusions, multiple splice variants, proteolytic fragments, or promiscuous enzyme activities. The project described herein focuses on a sub-set of moonlighting proteins that have a canonical biochemical function inside(More)