Constance Barazzone Argiroffo

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Bcl-2 is an antiapoptotic molecule that prevents oxidative stress damage and cell death. We investigated the possible protective mechanisms mediated by Bcl-2 during hyperoxia-induced cell death in L929 cells. In these cells, hyperoxia promoted apoptosis without DNA fragmentation. Overexpression of Bcl-2 significantly protected cells from oxygen-induced(More)
RATIONALE Hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury has been used for many years as a model of oxidative stress mimicking clinical acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Excess quantities of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are responsible for oxidative stress-induced lung injury. ROS are produced by mitochondrial chain transport, but also by(More)
Hyperoxia induces extensive DNA damage and lung cell death by apoptotic and nonapoptotic pathways. We analyzed the regulation of Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1), a nuclear enzyme activated by DNA damage, and its relation to cell death during hyperoxia in vitro and in vivo. In lung epithelial-derived A549 cells, which are known to die by necrosis when(More)
Hyperoxia is known to induce extensive alveolar cell death by still poorly defined mechanisms. In this study, the mitochondria-dependent cell death pathway was explored during hyperoxia-induced lung injury in mice. We observed a progressive release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria into the cytosol of alveolar cells. This release was accompanied by the(More)
Recent studies suggest that apoptosis plays a role in oxygen-induced injury, although the activation pathways and the executioner proteases that lead to cleavage of lung cell proteins and DNA, are not yet identified. We explored previously the tumor necrosis factor/tumor necrosis factor receptor and the Fas/FasL, belonging to the intrinsic pathway, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperoxia exposure leads to the development of lung injury and bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) via involvement of nitric oxide (NO) pathway. We aimed at characterizing whether the stimulation of the NO pathway by sildenafil or vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is able to prevent the hyperoxia-induced development of BHR. The respective roles of(More)
BACKGROUND Cytological composition of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in pediatric bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients with pulmonary complications has not been comprehensively described and BAL specific markers of pulmonary GVHD are lacking. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the role of BAL in the diagnosis of pulmonary GVHD by(More)
Chronic cough is a common symptom in childhood and very often the expression of a cold like respiratory tract infection. Chronic cough may follow an acute cough lasting more than 4-8 weeks or may be the primary symptom of an underlying severe respiratory disease. It is important to find out the exact origin of chronic cough to allow accurate investigation(More)
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