Conrad W Mullineaux

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Using a var2-2 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, which lacks a homologue of the zinc-metalloprotease, FtsH, we demonstrate that this protease is required for the efficient turnover of the D1 polypeptide of photosystem II and protection against photoinhibition in vivo. We show that var2-2 leaves are much more susceptible to light-induced photosystem II(More)
When plants, algae, and cyanobacteria are exposed to excessive light, especially in combination with other environmental stress conditions such as extreme temperatures, their photosynthetic performance declines. A major cause of this photoinhibition is the light-induced irreversible photodamage to the photosystem II (PSII) complex responsible for(More)
Phycobilisomes are the major accessory light-harvesting complexes of cyanobacteria and red algae. Studies using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching on cyanobacteria in vivo have shown that the phycobilisomes are mobile complexes that rapidly diffuse on the thylakoid membrane surface. By contrast, the PSII core complexes are completely immobile. This(More)
Surprisingly little is known about the physical environment inside a prokaryotic cell. Knowledge of the rates at which proteins and other cell components can diffuse is crucial for the understanding of a cell as a physical system. There have been numerous measurements of diffusion coefficients in eukaryotic cells by using fluorescence recovery after(More)
The mechanism by which state 1-state 2 transitions in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus 6301 are controlled was investigated by examining the effects of a variety of chemical and illumination treatments which modify the redox state of the plastoquinone pool. The extent to which these treatments modify excitation energy distribution was determined by 77K(More)
Plants must regulate their use of absorbed light energy on a minute-by-minute basis to maximize the efficiency of photosynthesis and to protect photosystem II (PSII) reaction centers from photooxidative damage. The regulation of light harvesting involves the photoprotective dissipation of excess absorbed light energy in the light-harvesting antenna(More)
The Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome encodes four putative homologues of the AAA protease FtsH, two of which (slr0228 and sll1463) have been subjected to insertional mutagenesis in this study. Disruption of sll1463 had no discernible effect but disruption of slr0228 caused a 60% reduction in the abundance of functional photosystem I, without affecting the(More)
The phycobilisome is a remarkable light-harvesting antenna that combines high efficiency with functional flexibility and the ability to capture light across a broad spectral range. A combination of biochemical, structural and spectroscopic studies has given an excellent picture of the structure and function of isolated phycobilisomes. However, we still know(More)
A gene required for the short-term regulation of photosynthetic light harvesting (the state transition) has been identified in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. The open reading frame is designated sll1926 in the complete Synechocystis gene sequence. The deduced amino acid sequence has no homologues in current sequence databases and no(More)
A variant of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching allows us to observe the diffusion of photosynthetic complexes in cyanobacterial thylakoid membranes in vivo. The unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC7942 is a wonderful model organism for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, because it has a favorable membrane geometry and is well(More)