Conrad R. Cole

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Small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO), in which colon-derived bacteria colonize the upper small bowel, is found in a wide variety of adult diseases associated with intestinal failure and dysfunction, including short bowel syndrome and other conditions following massive bowel resection, dysmotility disorders, and inflammatory bowel disease. SBBO also(More)
OBJECTIVE This pilot study in parenteral nutrition-dependent infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) evaluated the impact of feeding route and intestinal permeability on bloodstream infection (BSI), small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO), and systemic immune responses, as well as fecal calprotectin as a biomarker for SBBO. STUDY DESIGN Ten infants (ages(More)
Small bowel bacterial overgrowth (SBBO) is common in infants and children with short bowel syndrome (SBS). Its occurrence is due to alterations in anatomy, motility, and secretion, which promote the abnormal growth of bacteria. SBBO is associated with significant clinical problems, including prolonged dependence on parenteral nutrition, liver injury, and(More)
BACKGROUND In the absence of a feasible, noninvasive gold standard, iron deficiency (ID) is best measured by the use of multiple indicators. However, the choice of an appropriate single iron biomarker to replace the multiple-criteria model for screening for ID at the population level continues to be debated. OBJECTIVE We compared ID defined as ≥ 2 of 3(More)
BACKGROUND The food group intake patterns of low income Hispanic and African American preschool children are not well documented. The aim of this study was to perform a food group intake analysis of low income minority preschool children and evaluate how macronutrient and micronutrient intake compares to Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). METHODS A cross(More)
BACKGROUND Most infants consume fruit juices by 6 months of age. However, fruit juices containing sorbitol may be associated with carbohydrate malabsorption without clinical symptoms. We hypothesized that increased physical activity and metabolic rate may be associated with carbohydrate malabsorption. METHODS Physical activity and metabolic rate were(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine the (1) incidence of short bowel syndrome in very low birth weight (<1500 g) infants, (2) associated morbidity and mortality during initial hospitalization, and (3) impact on short-term growth and nutrition in extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants. METHODS Infants who were born from January 1,(More)
The assessment of iron status where infections are common is complicated by the effects of inflammation on iron indicators and in this study we compared approaches that adjust for this influence. Blood was collected in 680 children (aged 6-35 mo) and indicators of iron status [(hemoglobin (Hb), zinc protoporphyrin (ZP), ferritin, transferrin receptor (TfR),(More)
BACKGROUND Information about the zinc status of low-income minority children in the United States is lacking. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the prevalence of zinc deficiency and anemia and their interrelation among low-income African American and Hispanic preschool children. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional study in which a prospective 3-d(More)
In a previous study, weight gain, insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) were increased in rats fed suboptimal levels of energy and administered 0.1 mg/100 g of body weight of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH). Our objective was to determine whether these anabolic effects were still obtained with lower(More)