Conrad M. Tobert

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PURPOSE Although it is commonly staged according to glomerular filtration rate, an international work group recommended classifying chronic kidney disease by cause, glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria. Data on nonsurgical patients with chronic kidney disease indicate proteinuria to be an independent predictor of renal function decrease and mortality.(More)
PURPOSE Partial nephrectomy has become a reference standard for tumors amenable to a kidney sparing approach but reported utilization rates vary widely. The R.E.N.A.L. (radius, exophytic/endophytic, nearness of tumor to collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior, location relative to polar lines and hilar tumor touching main renal artery or vein)(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential biomechanical causes of the complications of partial nephrectomy (PN) in a preclinical model of sliding-clip renorrhaphy. PN is a reference standard for amenable small renal masses. One disadvantage of PN, however, is the risk of postoperative bleeding and/or urinary leak. MATERIALS AND METHODS Simulated tumor(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to evaluate the impact of baseline characteristics and treatment methods on the outcome of sporadic renal angiomyolipoma (AML). METHODS This was a pooled analysis of individual data of 441 patients with AML retrieved from 58 studies and 3 institutional series. RESULTS Ninety-three patients underwent nephrectomy, 163(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Management options for small renal masses (SRMs) include excision, ablation, and active surveillance. Increasing interest in active surveillance, particularly for tumors of limited oncologic potential, in patients with other significant health concerns continues to rise, but precise protocols are still lacking. RECENT FINDINGS A review(More)
Partial nephrectomy (PN) has become the gold standard for treating small renal masses amenable to such an approach. Surprisingly, the single randomized controlled trial of PN versus radical nephrectomy (RN) indicated an overall survival benefit for RN over PN. Recent studies have shed light on this discordance, and this review will attempt to discern what(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether surgeon factors, such as training and experience, have a strong impact on selection of surgical approach for treating renal cancers. Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) has become the reference standard for tumors that are amenable to such an approach. Tumor size and configuration are important predictors of usage of NSS. The RENAL(More)
OBJECTIVE Several systemic agents have been approved for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and others are in various stages of development. We surveyed members of the Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) regarding the importance of adjuvant and neoadjuvant systemic therapy for RCC and their participation in such trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE The strongest predictors of renal function after partial nephrectomy are the preoperative glomerular filtration rate and the amount of preserved parenchyma. Measuring volume preservation by 3-dimensional imaging is accurate but time-consuming. Percent functional volume preservation was designed to replace surgeon assessment of volume preservation(More)