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We set out an analytical strategy to examine variations in resource use, whether cost or length of stay, of patients hospitalised with different conditions. The methods are designed to evaluate (i) how well diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) capture variation in resource use relative to other patient characteristics and (ii) what influence the hospital has on(More)
We analyse variations in cost or length of stay (LoS) for 66,587 patients from 10 European countries receiving a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) procedure. In five of these countries, variations in cost are analysed using log-linear models. In the other five countries, negative binomial regression models are used to explore variations in LoS. We compare(More)
BACKGROUND DRG-systems are used to allocate resources fairly to hospitals based on their performance. Statistically, this allocation is based on simple rules that can be modeled with regression trees. However, the resulting models often have to be adjusted manually to be medically reasonable and ethical. METHODS Despite the possibility of manual,(More)
Concerning international comparison for the year 2011, Austria is situated under the top nations with 6,383 diagnostic coronary angiographies (CA), 2,407 percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), and 47 transarterial aortic valve implantations (TAVI) per 1 million inhabitants in Europe. Although the number of TAVI increases rapidly since its first(More)
BACKGROUND The prospective reimbursement of hospitals through the grouping of patients into a finite number of categories (Diagnosis Related Groups, DRGs), is common to many European countries. However, the specific categories used vary greatly across countries, using different characteristics to define group boundaries and thus those characteristics which(More)
Introduction Background DRG-systems are used to allocate resources to hospitals Regression trees [Breiman et al. 1984] can assist to model DRG-systems Problems Best models are often very complex Models are not always medically reasonable Manual performance degenerating adaptations are necessary Proposed Solution Build diverse accurate trees to choose from(More)
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