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BACKGROUND Characteristics and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in young adults are not well described in Australia. METHODS A 10-year retrospective case review of all OHCA in young adults (aged 16-39) and not witnessed by EMS, was performed using data from the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR). RESULTS Between 2000(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported improvements in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes with the introduction of the 2005 cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines however they have not adjusted for underlying trends in OHCA survival. We compare outcomes before and after the 2005 guideline changes adjusting for underlying trends in OHCA(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy exists around CPR in the elderly. The characteristics and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in this age group were studied in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS The Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR) was searched for all OHCAs not witnessed by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) occurring in those aged 65(More)
INTRODUCTION Hanging is a rare but devastating cause of out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The characteristics and outcomes of hanging associated OHCA in the paediatric age group are described. METHODS The Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry was searched for patients aged less than 18 years where the precipitant cause of OHCA was hanging.(More)
A rapid response team was instigated in Cork to improve prehospital care and reduce unnecessary Emergency Department (ED) visits. This consisted of a Specialist Registrar (SpR) in Emergency Medicine and a Paramedic who attended all "999" calls in a designated rapid response vehicle on the allotted study days. Two hundred and sixty-three patients were seen(More)
BACKGROUND This article investigated the effects of transurethral resection of prostate on quality of life (QOL) and urinary symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). STUDY DESIGN In a prospective study, 30 patients without significant comorbidities undergoing transurethral resection of prostate for BPH were studied. Patients completed(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of paediatric cardiac arrest have reported a low survival rate but there is limited data from Australia. We sought to determine the characteristics and outcomes of paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS Between October 1999 and June 2007, all cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest attended(More)
AIM We aim to describe the coronial findings of young adults where the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) aetiology was 'presumed cardiac'. METHODS Presumed cardiac aetiology OHCAs occurring in young adults aged 16-39 years were identified using the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR) and available coronial findings reviewed. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) now recommends therapeutic hypothermia (TH) (33 °C for 12-24 hours) as soon as possible for patients who remain comatose after resuscitation from shockable rhythm in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and that it be considered for non shockable rhythms. The optimal timing of TH is still(More)