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The superiority of spaced vs. massed training is a fundamental feature of learning. Here, we describe unanticipated timing rules for the production of long-term potentiation (LTP) in adult rat hippocampal slices that can account for one temporal segment of the spaced trials phenomenon. Successive bouts of naturalistic theta burst stimulation of field CA1(More)
Two copper-binding compounds/cofactors (CBCs) were isolated from the spent media of both the wild type and a constitutive soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMOC) mutant, PP319 (P. A. Phelps et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:3701-3708, 1992), of Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b. Both CBCs are small polypeptides with molecular masses of 1,218 and 779 Da for(More)
Stabilization of long-term potentiation (LTP) depends on reorganization of the dendritic spine actin cytoskeleton. The present study tested whether this involves activity-driven effects on the actin-regulatory protein cortactin, and whether such effects are disturbed in the Fmr1 knock-out (KO) model of fragile X syndrome, in which stabilization of both(More)
A 5.9-kb DNA fragment was cloned from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA103 by its ability to functionally complement a fur mutation in Escherichia coli. A fur null mutant E. coli strain that contains multiple copies of the 5.9-kb DNA fragment produces a 15-kDa protein which cross-reacts with a polyclonal anti-E. coli Fur serum. Sequencing of a subclone of the(More)
Pyochelin, an endogenous growth promoter that solubilizes ferric iron, has been isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, including clinical strains. The structure of pyochelin has been assigned as 2-(2-o-hydroxyphenyl-2-thiazolin-4-yl)-3-methylthiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid and is of a different type from those previously assigned to siderophores(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces a blue pigment called pyocyanin. In the presence of oxidizable substrates, bacteria reduce this pigment to a colorless product, leukopyocyanin. Pyocyanin can also be nonenzymatically reduced by NADH. Leukopyocyanin formed by cell- or NADH-mediated reduction nonenzymatically reduces oxygen or Fe(III). Pyocyanin-dependent iron(More)
Arc is an immediate early gene that is unique among neuronal mRNAs because its transcripts are transported into dendrites and accumulate near activated synapses, presumably to be translated locally. These qualities pose Arc as playing an important, yet not fully understood, role in the activity-dependent modifications of synapses that are thought to(More)
Iron affects yields of toxin A, alkaline protease, elastase, pyochelin, and pyoverdin in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 resistant to the effect of iron on toxin (toxC) or elastase (elaC) yields were isolated. Two types of mutants were isolated: iron transport and iron regulatory mutants. The toxC regulatory mutants produced toxin A in(More)
The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces the phenolic siderophore pyochelin. Salicylic acid is an intermediate in the pyochelin biosynthetic pathway, and mutants blocked in salicylic acid biosynthesis (Sal-) are able to incorporate exogenously supplied salicylic acid into pyochelin. A P. aeruginosa Sal- mutant was incubated with 13(More)
We describe a procedure which permits essentially full recovery of physiologically active Treponema pallidum from rabbit testicular extracts and greatly reduces contaminating tissue material. Such preparations were employed for investigations of the ability of T. pallidum to catabolize glucose and fatty acids. Radiorespirometric studies revealed that(More)