Conny J. van der Laken

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BACKGROUND Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) are associated with increased risk for rheumatoid arthritis. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of the presence and levels of ACPA on arthritis development in patients with arthralgia. METHODS Patients with arthralgia positive for ACPA or IgM rheumatoid factor (IgM-RF) were tested for the shared(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the expression of folate receptor beta (FRbeta) in synovial biopsy tissues and peripheral blood lymphocytes from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to identify novel folate antagonists that are more selective in the targeting and internalization of FRbeta than methotrexate (MTX). METHODS Immunohistochemistry and(More)
OBJECTIVE Noninvasive imaging by positron emission tomography (PET) of macrophages in inflamed joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may allow early detection of disease activity. We undertook this study to investigate whether rheumatoid synovitis can be visualized by PET using the tracer 11C-(R)-PK11195, which binds to peripheral benzodiazepine(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with rheumatoid arthritis are currently successfully treated with infliximab (anti-tumour necrosis factor); however, about 30% of the patients do not respond to infliximab. One of the postulated hypotheses of not responding is the fast clearance of infliximab due to the development of infliximab-anti-infliximab complexes. (More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the type I interferon (IFN) response program is described for several autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS), myositis (IIM) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While IFNα contributes to SLE pathology, IFNβ therapy is often beneficial in MS, implying different immunoregulatory roles for(More)
Patients with an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and non-specific symptoms often pose a diagnostic dilemma. PET/CT visualises infection, inflammation and malignancy, all of which may cause elevated ESR. The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of 18F-fluorodeoxglucose positron emission tomography (PET/CT) in the diagnostic(More)
INTRODUCTION Early diagnosis of and subsequent monitoring of therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) could benefit from detection of (sub)clinical synovitis. Imaging of (sub)clinical arthritis by targeting the translocator protein (TSPO) on activated macrophages is feasible using (R)-[¹¹C] PK11195-based positron emission tomography (PET), but clinical(More)
Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies have shown increased 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) uptake in joints of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and inflamed joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study compares FDG uptake in joints of RA and OA patients and FDG-uptake with clinical signs of inflammation. FDG-PET scans(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the distribution of radiolabelled interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess whether this cytokine is suitable for scintigraphic visualization of synovitis. METHODS In patients with active RA, scintigraphy was performed after a single i. v. dose of [(123)I]IL-1ra. Clearance(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a prospective pilot study to determine whether macrophage targeting by 11C-(R)-PK11195 positron emission tomography (PET) can visualize subclinical synovitis in arthralgia patients who have anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs). METHODS Twenty-nine arthralgia patients who were positive for ACPAs but did not have clinical(More)