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The intrinsic radiosensitivity of cervical carcinoma has been measured using a soft agar clonogenic assay. All patients received radical radiotherapy alone with a minimum of 2 years post-treatment follow-up. Only women with stage I, II and III disease were included in the analysis. Values for cell surviving fraction at 2 Gy (SF2) were obtained for 88(More)
A study was made of the prognostic value of pretreatment measurements of tumour radiosensitivity (surviving fraction at 2 Gy, SF2) in 128 patients with stage I-III carcinomas of the uterine cervix undergoing radiotherapy. The median follow-up time was 47 months. In a univariate analysis stratifying patients according to the median value, radiosensitivity(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need to develop robust and clinically applicable gene expression signatures. Hypoxia is a key factor promoting solid tumour progression and resistance to therapy; a hypoxia signature has the potential to be not only prognostic but also to predict benefit from particular interventions. METHODS An approach for deriving signatures that(More)
We have investigated the effects on breast cancer cell growth of 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4OHT), a conventional antioestrogen with agonist activity, and 7 alpha-[9-(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentylsulphinyl)nonyl]oestra- 1,3,5,(10)- triene-3,17 beta-diol (ICI 182780), a novel, pure antioestrogen, using established human breast cancer cell lines and cancer cells(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1a (HIF-1a) is upregulated by hypoxia and oncogenic signalling in many solid tumours. Its regulation and function in thyroid carcinomas are unknown. We evaluated the regulation of HIF-1a and target gene expression in primary thyroid carcinomas and thyroid carcinoma cell lines (BcPAP, WRO, FTC-133 and 8505c). HIF-1a was not(More)
Intra-tumoural heterogeneity of proliferation has been assessed by taking multiple biopsies from 30 colorectal cancers. Following in vivo IUDR labelling, dual parameter flow cytometry was used to measure tumour DNA index (DI) and labelling index (LI) and to derive DNA synthesis time (Ts) and potential doubling time (Tpot). Heterogeneity was seen for all(More)
An assessment has been made of the reproducibility of measuring tumour proliferation using in vivo iododeoxyuridine (IUdR) labelling and flow cytometry. The variation that occurs between different institutions (Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Manchester and the Gray Laboratory, Northwood), different observers and different runs on the same flow(More)
Chinese hamster cells (V79 379A) cells from a human small cell carcinoma of the lung (ME/MAR) and two xenografted human melanomas (HX117 and HX118) have been grown as multicellular spheroids in vitro. The radiation response of these four cell types has been compared when grown as spheroids (200 or 400 micron in diameter) and as single cells from(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate small-nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) as reference genes when measuring miRNA expression in tumour samples, given emerging evidence for their role in cancer. METHODS Four snoRNAs, commonly used for normalisation, RNU44, RNU48, RNU43 and RNU6B, and miRNA known to be associated with pathological factors, were measured by real-time(More)
Spheroids derived from the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line, WiDr, were exposed to 10 micrograms ml-1 Photofrin II and irradiated with light (700 nm, 50 mW cm-2). Compared with exponentially growing monolayer cultures, cells in spheroids of 100, 250 and 500 microns diameter were respectively 1.8, 2.5 and 22-fold less sensitive. The small resistance of(More)