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This paper analyzes local and regional geographic variability in the use of antidepressant, antipsychotic and stimulant medications in the United States. Using a data set that covers 60% of prescriptions written in the United States, we find that use of antidepressants in three digit postal codes ranged from less than 1% of residents to more than 40%(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of attending a medical school with an active policy on restricting gifts from representatives of pharmaceutical and device industries on subsequent prescribing behavior. DESIGN Difference-in-differences approach. SETTING 14 US medical schools with an active gift restriction policy in place by 2004. PARTICIPANTS(More)
Objective To examine the effect of attending a medical school with an active policy on restricting gifts from representatives of pharmaceutical and device industries on subsequent prescribing behavior. Design Difference-indifferences approach. Setting 14 US medical schools with an active gift restriction policy in place by 2004. Participants Prescribing(More)
1. The results of this work form a confirmation of the earlier work of Cushing in all details investigated. 2. The increase of blood pressure that results from an increase of the intracranial pressure above the blood pressure is due in the dog to a vaso-constriction of the vessels of the intestine, the kidney and the limbs. Preceding this constriction there(More)
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