Connie K. So

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This study examined the perception of the four Mandarin lexical tones by Mandarin-naïve Hong Kong Cantonese, Japanese, and Canadian English listener groups. Their performance on an identification task, following a brief familiarization task, was analyzed in terms of tonal sensitivities (A-prime scores on correct identifications) and tonal errors(More)
This study examined whether native English (NE) speakers perceive non-native tones of Mandarin in terms of their English intonational categories (Flat pitch, Question, Uncertainty, and Statement). The results indicated that NE listeners assimilated non-native tones to their native intonational categories, which share phonetic similarities with those(More)
This study examined the perception of Mandarin tones by two groups of Cantonese and Japanese (naïve) listeners. An identification task was given and their responses were analyzed in terms of A-prime scores and tonal errors. The results indicated that the performance of the Cantonese listeners was compatible with that of the Japanese listeners in A-prime(More)
This study examined how native Japanese speakers, who were naïve to Mandarin, categorized Mandarin tones (in citation form) into their native pitch–accent categories. Results showed that Japanese listeners categorized the nonnative Mandarin tones into their native pitch accent categories, in ways that were consistent with the phonetic features of listeners’(More)
This study examined the types of coping strategies used by hospital nurses in Hong Kong. The impacts of these coping strategies on the mental health of nurses were also investigated. Results showed that coping strategies were both situation-specific and culture-specific, with direct action coping, acceptance and positive thinking used more frequently than(More)
Human perception of non-native sound contrasts are strongly influenced by their native (L1) phonological system (Best 1995; Flege 1995). For example, it has been well documented that Japanese speakers have difficulties discriminating English /r/ and /l/ (Goto 1971, Lively, Pisoni, Yamada, Tohkura & Yamada 1994). Likewise, English speakers have difficulty in(More)
This study examines the acoustic properties of clear speech produced by nonnative speakers of English and investigates whether the strategies that they employ to produce English vowels in clear speech are similar to those of native English speakers. Both groups of speakers exhibited similar acousticphonetic changes between clear and conversational speech.
This study examined the effect of native language background on listeners' perception of native and non-native vowels spoken by native (Hong Kong Cantonese) and non-native (Mandarin and Australian English) speakers. They completed discrimination and an identification task with and without visual cues in clear and noisy conditions. Results indicated that(More)
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