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We demonstrate, to our knowledge, the first bright circularly polarized high-harmonic beams in the soft X-ray region of the electromagnetic spectrum, and use them to implement X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements in a tabletop-scale setup. Using counterrotating circularly polarized laser fields at 1.3 and 0.79 µm, we generate circularly polarized(More)
Hybridization of atomic orbitals in graphene on Ni(111) opens a large energy gap of ≈2.8 eV between non-hybridized states at the K-point. Here we use alkali metal adsorbate to reduce and even eliminate this energy gap, and also identify a mechanism responsible for decoupling graphene from the Ni substrate without intercalation of atomic species underneath(More)
Attosecond spectroscopic techniques have made it possible to measure differences in transport times for photoelectrons from localized core levels and delocalized valence bands in solids. We report the application of attosecond pulse trains to directly and unambiguously measure the difference in lifetimes between photoelectrons born into free electron-like(More)
Emrah Turgut,1 Dmitriy Zusin,1 Dominik Legut,2,3 Karel Carva,3,4 Ronny Knut,1 Justin M. Shaw,5 Cong Chen,1 Zhensheng Tao,1 Hans T. Nembach,5 Thomas J. Silva,5 Stefan Mathias,6 Martin Aeschlimann,7 Peter M. Oppeneer,4 Henry C. Kapteyn,1 Margaret M. Murnane,1 and Patrik Grychtol1 1Department of Physics and JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado(More)
Bright, circularly polarized, extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and soft x-ray high-harmonic beams can now be produced using counter-rotating circularly polarized driving laser fields. Although the resulting circularly polarized harmonics consist of relatively simple pairs of peaks in the spectral domain, in the time domain, the field is predicted to emerge as a(More)
Electron-electron interactions are the fastest processes in materials, occurring on femtosecond to attosecond timescales, depending on the electronic band structure of the material and the excitation energy. Such interactions can play a dominant role in light-induced processes such as nano-enhanced plasmonics and catalysis, light harvesting, or phase(More)
The evolution of the electronic band structure of the simple ferromagnets Fe, Co, and Ni during their well-known ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition has been under debate for decades, with no clear and even contradicting experimental observations so far. Using time- and spin-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy, we can make a movie on how the(More)
The present research aimed to establish a kind of simple and rapid method to detect metal elements in Cortex Spondiacis were determined by microwave digestion and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The sample was digested with HNO3-H2O2 acids system. The operation would be simplified and the blank value would be decreased with the above(More)
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