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The ARG5,6 gene from the dimorphic fungus Candida albicans was cloned by functional complementation of the arginine auxotrophy present in strain EL2 (Arg-) using a gene library constructed in the double autonomously replicating sequence vector pRM1. Sequence analysis revealed a putative 857 amino acid polypeptide (95 kDa) which showed high homology (63%(More)
Throughout alcoholic fermentation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells have to cope with several stress conditions that could affect their growth and viability. In addition, the metabolic activity of yeast cells during this process leads to the production of secondary compounds that contribute to the organoleptic properties of the resulting wine. Commercial(More)
The cell wall proteins of Candida albicans play a key role in morphogenesis and pathogenesis and might be potential target sites for new specific antifungal drugs. However, these proteins are difficult to analyze because of their high heterogeneity, interconnections with wall polysaccharides (mannan, glucan, and chitin), low abundance, low solubility, and(More)
Many proteins are transported to the cell surface of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans to be either integrated into the cell-wall structure or exported to the external medium. Secretion of many of these proteins through the classical endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi pathway is driven by a canonical N-terminal signal peptide. However, several surface(More)
Ecm33p is a widely distributed fungal protein with functional relevance, clearly demonstrated by ecm33Delta mutant phenotypes, mainly related to the cell wall. Homology searches with Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes identified Candida albicans Ecm33p, as well as the two other proteins of its family: Pst1p and the product of YCL048w. C. albicans Ecm33p is a(More)
Using a hierarchical approach, 620 non-essential single-gene yeast deletants generated by EUROFAN I were systematically screened for cell-wall-related phenotypes. By analyzing for altered sensitivity to the presence of Calcofluor white or SDS in the growth medium, altered sensitivity to sonication, or abnormal morphology, 145 (23%) mutants showing at least(More)
In previous proteomic studies on the response of murine macrophages against Candida albicans, many differentially expressed proteins involved in processes like inflammation, cytoskeletal rearrangement, stress response and metabolism were identified. In order to look for proteins important for the macrophage response, but in a lower concentration in the(More)
Pst1p was previously identified as a protein secreted by yeast regenerating protoplasts, which suggests a role in cell wall construction. ECM33 encodes a protein homologous to Pst1p, and both of them display typical features of GPI-anchored proteins and a characteristic receptor L-domain. Pst1p and Ecm33p are both localized to the cell surface, Pst1p being(More)
We have set up an in vitro model of culture of Candida albicans fungal cells that mimics the physiological conditions found in human beings in order to carry out studies of host-pathogen interaction. Under these conditions, C. albicans undergoes dimorphic transition (yeast-hyphae); this morphological change has been proposed as a virulence factor for this(More)
Protoplasts of Saccharomyces cerevisiae incubated in regenerating conditions secrete cell wall components in order to allow the biosynthesis of this structure. During the first hours of incubation, many of these are not retained in the forming cell wall but remain in the medium. We have developed a method for collecting the secreted proteins and have(More)