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Eighty-seven thermophilic, aerobic, spore-forming bacteria were isolated from shallow, marine, thermal vents of the Eolian Islands (Italy) and tested for a broad spectrum of phenotypic characteristics. A numerical taxonomy study was performed on these isolates and 8 thermophilic Bacillus and Geobacillus reference strains by 89 selected features. Results(More)
A thermophilic aerobic microorganism, able to produce two exocellular polysaccharides (EPS1 and EPS2), was isolated from a shallow hydrothermal vent at Vulcano island (Eolian Islands, Italy). EPS1 and EPS2 were based on mannose and glucose although in a different ratio. EPS2 possessed a trisaccharide repeating unit with a manno-pyranoside configuration. New(More)
EPS-1 is a novel extracellular polysaccharide produced by a strain of thermotolerant Bacillus licheniformis, isolated from a shallow marine hot spring of Vulcano Island (Italy). In this paper, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects of EPS-1 were evaluated. It was found that EPS-1 treatment impaired HSV-2 replication in human peripheral blood mononuclear(More)
The occurrence of Arcobacter spp. was studied in seawater and plankton samples collected from the Straits of Messina, Italy, during an annual period of observation by using cultural and molecular techniques. A PCR assay with three pairs of primers targeting the 16S and 23S rRNA genes was used for detection and identification of Arcobacter butzleri,(More)
A haloalkaliphilic, thermophilic Bacillus strain (T14), isolated from a shallow hydrothermal vent of Panarea Island (Italy), produced a new exopolysaccharide (EPS). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain T14 was highly related (99 % similarity) to Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13T and Bacillus sonorensis DSM 13779T. Further(More)
Vibrio vulnificus, a human and animal pathogen, is present in low numbers in the Mediterranean Sea. Seawater and plankton samples were collected from a marine coastal zone of the Straits of Messina in the Mediterranean Sea (Italy) in order to investigate V. vulnificus as free-living (>0.2 microm) and associated with small (>64 microm) and large plankton(More)
Seawater samples were collected from a fixed, coastal station in the Terra Nova Bay at different depths during the Xth Oceanographic Cruise in the 1994-95 Antarctic summer. Picoplanktonic abundance, estimated by direct counts in epifluorescence microscopy, ranged from 2.2 x 10(7) to 1.6 x 10(8) cells.l-1. The heterotrophic bacterial densities, evaluated on(More)
A halophilic, thermotolerant Bacillus strain (B3-15), isolated from water of a shallow, marine hot spring at Vulcano Island (Eolian Islands, Italy), produced an exocellular polysaccharide at 165 mg l−1. It grew on kerosene as sole carbon source and was resistant to Cd2+, Zn2+, As2+ and Hg2+. From 16S rDNA analysis, strain B3-15 was related to B.(More)
During a polyphasic taxonomic analysis performed on isolates from shallow marine hydrothermal vents of Eolian Islands (Italy), three thermophilic, halotolerant bacilli, designated as strain 1bw, strain 5-2 and strain 10-1, could not be affiliated to any described species. Physiological and biochemical characteristics, membrane lipids composition, mol % G+C(More)