Concetta Gardi

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In order to evaluate the clinical value of the saccharin test as a practical and simple measure of mucociliary clearance, nasal mucociliary clearance (NMCC) and ciliary ultrastructure were studied in 22 patients suspected of having primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) based on the saccharin test. Ten patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of PCD had a(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a main risk factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but only 20% of smokers develop COPD, suggesting genetic predisposition. Animal studies have shown that C57BL/6J mice are sensitive to CS and develop emphysema, whereas Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice are not. To investigate the potential factors responsible(More)
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis has been considered to be linked to oxidative stress and mediated by aldehydic lipid peroxidation products. In the present study, we investigated whether collagen synthesis is induced by F2-isoprostanes, the most proximal products of lipid peroxidation and known mediators of important biological effects.(More)
One hundred fifty-four children with recurrent or chronic infections of the lower respiratory tract compatible with the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) were evaluated for the presence of ultrastructural ciliary abnormalities. Studies were performed on multiple samples of respiratory mucosa obtained by nasal and bronchial brushing. Twenty-eight(More)
Using an experimental model of pancreatitis in the rat, the role of trypsin and elastase in mediating lung vascular injury in this condition was examined. The induction of pancreatitis by injection of sodium cholate in the pancreas resulted in a significant decrease in serum trypsin inhibitory capacity, and in a complete saturation of serum elastase(More)
During the last decade, it has been shown that the activation of NRF2 and the binding to electrophile-responsive element (EpREs), stimulates the expression of a great number of genes responsible for the synthesis of phase I and phase II proteins, including antioxidants enzymes and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). This critical cell response occurs in(More)
Scavenger Receptor B1 (SR-B1), also known as HDL receptor, is involved in cellular cholesterol uptake. Stratum corneum (SC), the outermost layer of the skin, is composed of more than 25% cholesterol. Several reports support the view that alteration of SC lipid composition may be the cause of impaired barrier function which gives rise to several skin(More)
There is a pressing need for the development of new therapies for emphysema, particularly as no existing treatment has been shown to reduce disease progression. Compounds with a potential activity against the pathological mechanisms postulated to play a role in the development and progression of emphysema should be tested in vivo in animal models of this(More)
Various studies on hepatic fibrosis occurring in iron overload suggest that excess of tissue iron may be involved in the stimulation of collagen synthesis. Anyway, up to date, direct evidence on the role of iron in hepatic fibrosis is lacking. Moreover, it is not clear whether iron acts as direct initiator of fibrogenesis or as mediator of hepatocellular(More)
BACKGROUND In fibrotic diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis there is evidence suggesting enhanced synthesis and degradation of lung connective tissue components, including collagen. It has therefore been hypothesised that products of collagen degradation may have a role in the promotion of collagen deposition. In support of this hypothesis, it has recently(More)