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The polymorphic cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (CYPs) 2C9, 2C19 and 2D6 metabolise many important drugs, as well as other xenobiotics. Their polymorphism gives rise to important interindividual and interethnic variability in the metabolism and disposition of several therapeutic agents and may cause differences in the clinical response to these drugs. In this(More)
New psychotropic drugs introduced in clinical practice in recent years include new antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and 'third generation' antidepressants, and atypical antipsychotics, i.e. clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone and amisulpride. These agents are extensively metabolized in the liver(More)
The effect of lamotrigine on the steady-state plasma concentrations of the atypical antipsychotics clozapine, olanzapine, and risperidone was investigated in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder stabilized on chronic treatment with clozapine (200-500 mg/day; n = 11), risperidone (3-6 mg/day; n = 10) or olanzapine (10-20 mg/day; n = 14)).(More)
Antidepressant drugs have often been used as an augmentation strategy for those patients who have demonstrated a suboptimal response to clozapine. The present 16-week double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial study aimed to explore the efficacy and tolerability of duloxetine add-on pharmacotherapy on clinical symptomatology and executive cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND The second-generation antidepressants include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and other compounds with different mechanisms of action. All second-generation antidepressants are metabolized in the liver by the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme system. Concomitant intake of(More)
INTRODUCTION Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug interactions (DIs) can occur between antiepileptics (AEDs) and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAPs). Some AED and SGAP pharmacodynamic mechanisms are poorly understood. AED-SGAP combinations are used for treating comorbid illnesses or increasing efficacy, particularly in bipolar disorder. AREAS(More)
The effect of valproate on the steady-state plasma concentrations of olanzapine was investigated in 18 patients with bipolar or schizoaffective disorder. Additional valproate, at a dose ranging from 600 to 2000 mg/d, was administered for 4 weeks to patients stabilized on olanzapine (5-20 mg/d). During valproate coadministration, mean plasma olanzapine(More)
PURPOSE Oxcarbazepine (OZC) is a second-generation antiepileptic drug (AED) that also may be used as a mood stabilizer. Unlike carbamazepine (CBZ), which is an inducer of the cytochrome P-450 isoforms and may accelerate the elimination of several therapeutic agents, OXC seems to have only a modest inducing action. The aim of this investigation was to(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of topiramate on the steady-state plasma concentrations of the second-generation antipsychotics--clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, and quetiapine--in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHODS Thirty-eight outpatients on long-term treatment with clozapine (250-500 mg/d, n = 10), olanzapine (10-20 mg/d,(More)
The present 16-week double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial had the aim to explore the efficacy of lamotrigine add-on pharmacotherapy on clinical symptomatology and cognitive functioning in a sample of patients with treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) receiving serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). After clinical and(More)