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Previously we demonstrated that supplementation with the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) arachidonic acid (AA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) increased neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells during differentiation, and that overexpression of rat acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 6 (Acsl6, formerly ACS2) further increased PUFA-enhanced neurite(More)
Acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSs) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the thioesterification of fatty acids with coenzymeA to form activated intermediates, which play a fundamental role in lipid metabolism and homeostasis of lipid-related processes. The products of the ACS enzyme reaction, acyl-CoAs, are required for complex lipid synthesis, energy production(More)
HilA activates the expression of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium invasion genes. To learn more about regulation of hilA, we isolated Tn5 mutants exhibiting reduced hilA and/or invasion gene expression. In addition to expected mutations, we identified Tn5 insertions in pstS, fadD, flhD, flhC, and fliA. Analysis of the pstS mutant indicates that hilA(More)
NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is an essential component for the function of many enzymes, including microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450) monooxygenases and heme oxygenases. In liver-Cpr-null (with liver-specific Cpr deletion) and Cpr-low (with reduced CPR expression in all organs examined) mouse models, a reduced serum cholesterol level and an(More)
FadR is a dimeric acyl coenzyme A (acyl CoA)-binding protein and transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes encoding fatty acid biosynthetic and degrading enzymes in Escherichia coli. Here, the 2.0 A crystal structure of full-length FadR is described, determined using multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion. The structure reveals a dimer and(More)
In Pseudomonas putida U, the degradation of n-alkanoic and n-phenylalkanoic acids is carried out by two sets of beta-oxidation enzymes (betaI and betaII). Whereas the first one (called betaI) is constitutive and catalyses the degradation of n-alkanoic and n-phenylalkanoic acids very efficiently, the other one (betaII), which is only expressed when some of(More)
FadR is an acyl-CoA-responsive transcription factor, regulating fatty acid biosynthetic and degradation genes in Escherichia coli. The apo-protein binds DNA as a homodimer, an interaction that is disrupted by binding of acyl-COA: The recently described structure of apo-FadR shows a DNA binding domain coupled to an acyl-CoA binding domain with a novel fold,(More)
The fluidity and phase state of bacterial lipid bilayers commonly change in response to ambient environmental conditions to maintain the critical functions of the envelope as a semipermeable and selective boundary. A special, and intricate, set of alterations in membrane lipid metabolism is elicited by conditions causing growth arrest. Under such(More)
Exogenous long-chain fatty acids are activated to coenzyme A derivatives prior to metabolic utilization. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the activation of these compounds prior to metabolic utilization proceeds through the fatty acyl-CoA synthetases Faa1p and Faa4p. Faa1p or Faa4p are essential for long-chain fatty acid import, suggesting that one or(More)