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PURPOSE We tested the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a lifestyle intervention for middle-aged and older patients with schizophrenia and type-2 diabetes mellitus, using a randomized pre-test, post-test control group design. METHOD Individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder over the age of 40 were randomly assigned to(More)
This study examined differences in symptom expression as measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS [Schizophr. Bull. 13 (1987) 261]) in a tri-ethnic sample of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia. We hypothesized that ethnic differences would be more apparent in Positive Scale symptoms than in Negative and General Scale symptoms of the(More)
The two objectives of this tri-ethnic study were (1) to test competing hypotheses from the minority status and ethnic culture perspectives in examining cross-ethnic symptom differences in schizophrenia and (2) to test cultural mediators of the symptom differences. Analyses were done on samples of minority (African-American and Latino) and nonminority(More)
OBJECTIVE Data from a national study of persons with schizophrenia-related disorders were examined to determine clinical factors and labor-market conditions related to employment outcomes. METHODS Data were obtained from the U.S. Schizophrenia Care and Assessment Program, a naturalistic study of more than 2,300 persons from organized care systems in six(More)
OBJECTIVE Reports of mental health care use by Latinos compared to Caucasians have been mixed. To the authors' knowledge, no large-scale studies have examined the effects of language on mental health service use for Latinos who prefer Spanish compared to Latinos who prefer English and to Caucasians. Language is the most frequently used proxy measure of(More)
This research explores the help-seeking behavior of Euro-American and Latino caregivers who provide homecare assistance to an older adult with dementia. A community sample of 89 caregiver-care recipient pairs (39 Latino and 50 Euro-American) was interviewed. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were conducted to examine ethnic differences in(More)
  • C Barrio
  • The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 2001
This study examined the longitudinal trajectory of a sociocentric construct among African-Americans, Latinos, and nonminorities. Participants were 163 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia who were admitted to community-based psychosocial programs. Previous research had established empathy and social competence as sociocentric cultural mediators of a(More)
This study qualitatively assessed the need for mental health services among Latino older adults in San Diego, California. The primary mental health issue was depression. Primary organizational barriers to accessing services were language and cultural barriers secondary to a lack of translators, dearth of information on available services, and scarcity of(More)
OBJECTIVES: This article describes the process of developing a culturally based family intervention for Spanish-speaking Latino families with a relative diagnosed with schizophrenia. METHOD: Our iterative intervention development process was guided by a cultural exchange framework and based on findings from an ethnographic study. We piloted this(More)
Latinos constitute the largest minority in the United States, and there is an increasing number of Latino patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses living into old age. However, few specific behavioral interventions have been developed aimed at improving the functioning of this group. We evaluated a psychosocial intervention designed to improve the(More)