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Voltage-dependent K(+) channels (Kv) are involved in a number of physiological processes, including immunomodulation, cell volume regulation, apoptosis as well as differentiation. Some Kv channels participate in the proliferation and migration of normal and tumor cells, contributing to metastasis. Altered expression of Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 channels has been(More)
Voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) currents in macrophages are mainly mediated by Kv1.3, but biophysical properties indicate that the channel composition could be different from that of T-lymphocytes. K(+) currents in mouse bone marrow-derived and Raw-264.7 macrophages are sensitive to Kv1.3 blockers, but unlike T-cells, macrophages express Kv1.5. Because Shaker(More)
Kv1.3 activity is determined by raft association. In addition to Kv1.3, leukocytes also express Kv1.5, and both channels control physiological responses. Because the oligomeric composition may modify the channel targeting to the membrane, we investigated heterotetrameric Kv1.3/Kv1.5 channel traffic and targeting in HEK cells. Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 generate(More)
To evaluate the mechanisms involved in macrophage proliferation and activation, we studied the regulation of the nucleoside transport systems. In murine bone marrow-derived macrophages, the nucleosides required for DNA and RNA synthesis are recruited from the extracellular medium. M-CSF induced macrophage proliferation and DNA and RNA synthesis, whereas(More)
Adenosine is a potent endogenous anti-inflammatory agent released by cells in metabolically unfavorable conditions, such as hypoxia or ischemia. Adenosine modulates different functional activities in macrophages. Some of these activities are believed to be induced through the uptake of adenosine into the macrophages, while others are due to the interaction(More)
PU.1 is a tissue-specific transcription factor that is expressed in cells of the hematopoietic lineage including macrophages, granulocytes, and B lymphocytes. Bone marrow-derived macrophages transfected with an antisense PU.1 expression construct or treated with antisense oligonucleotides showed a decrease in proliferation compared with controls. In(More)
Using different drugs, we stopped the cell cycle of bone marrow-derived macrophages at different points. After IFN-gamma stimulation, macrophages arrested at the G(1) phase of the cell cycle did not increase cell surface expression of the MHC class II IA. This inhibition is specific, because, under the same conditions, IFN-gamma induces the expression of(More)
Glucocorticoids are effective repressors of the immune system. We have examined the effect of glucocorticoids on the proliferation of murine macrophages. Dexamethasone by itself did not affect proliferation of differentiated or undifferentiated bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) and elicited peritoneal macrophages. However, dexamethasone enhanced the(More)
We studied the interaction of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and adrenaline in the control of several metabolic functions in isolated hepatocytes from fed rats. EGF did not modulate glucose release, urea production or hepatic lipase secretion, but interfered with the stimulatory effect of adrenaline on both glucose and urea production and also with the(More)