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Voltage-dependent K(+) channels (Kv) are involved in a number of physiological processes, including immunomodulation, cell volume regulation, apoptosis as well as differentiation. Some Kv channels participate in the proliferation and migration of normal and tumor cells, contributing to metastasis. Altered expression of Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 channels has been(More)
Voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) currents in macrophages are mainly mediated by Kv1.3, but biophysical properties indicate that the channel composition could be different from that of T-lymphocytes. K(+) currents in mouse bone marrow-derived and Raw-264.7 macrophages are sensitive to Kv1.3 blockers, but unlike T-cells, macrophages express Kv1.5. Because Shaker(More)
Voltage-dependent K+ channels (VDPC) are expressed in most mammalian cells and involved in the proliferation and activation of lymphocytes. However, the role of VDPC in macrophage responses is not well established. This study was undertaken to characterize VDPC in macrophages and determine their physiological role during proliferation and activation.(More)
Kv, which play a role in the immune system, are remodeled during carcinogenesis. Leukocytes present a limited Kv repertoire, with Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 as isoforms that are involved in neoplastic processes, such as proliferation and migration. In this study, we identified Kv1.5 in B-lymphocytes, characterized its role in proliferation and migration, and analyzed(More)
Adenosine is a potent endogenous anti-inflammatory agent released by cells in metabolically unfavorable conditions, such as hypoxia or ischemia. Adenosine modulates different functional activities in macrophages. Some of these activities are believed to be induced through the uptake of adenosine into the macrophages, while others are due to the interaction(More)
Macrophages play a critical role during the immune response. Like other cells of the immune system, macrophages are produced in large amounts and most of them die through apoptosis. Macrophages survive in the presence of soluble factors, such as IFN-gamma, or extracellular matrix proteins like decorin. The mechanism toward survival requires the blocking of(More)
Kv1.3 activity is determined by raft association. In addition to Kv1.3, leukocytes also express Kv1.5, and both channels control physiological responses. Because the oligomeric composition may modify the channel targeting to the membrane, we investigated heterotetrameric Kv1.3/Kv1.5 channel traffic and targeting in HEK cells. Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 generate(More)
LPS induces in bone marrow macrophages the transient expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase-1 (MKP-1). Because MKP-1 plays a crucial role in the attenuation of different MAPK cascades, we were interested in the characterization of the signaling mechanisms involved in the control of MKP-1 expression in LPS-stimulated macrophages.(More)
To evaluate the mechanisms involved in macrophage proliferation and activation, we studied the regulation of the nucleoside transport systems. In murine bone marrow-derived macrophages, the nucleosides required for DNA and RNA synthesis are recruited from the extracellular medium. M-CSF induced macrophage proliferation and DNA and RNA synthesis, whereas(More)
Nucleoside transport systems and their regulation in human B-lymphocytes have been characterized using the cell lines Raji and Bare lymphoma syndrome-1 (BLS-1) as experimental models. These cells express at least three different nucleoside transport systems as follows: a nitrobenzylthioinosine-sensitive equilibrative transport system of the es-type, which(More)