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SUMMARY ConoServer is a new database dedicated to conopeptides, a large family of peptides found in the venom of marine snails of the genus Conus. These peptides have an exceptional diversity of sequences and chemical modifications and their ability to block ion channels makes them important as drug leads and tools for physiological studies. ConoServer uses(More)
Cyclotides are disulfide-rich miniproteins with the unique structural features of a circular backbone and knotted arrangement of three conserved disulfide bonds. Cyclotides have been found only in two plant families: in every analyzed species of the violet family (Violaceae) and in few species of the coffee family (Rubiaceae). In this study, we analyzed(More)
CyBase was originally developed as a database for backbone-cyclized proteins, providing search and display capabilities for sequence, structure and function data. Cyclic proteins are interesting because, compared to conventional proteins, they have increased stability and enhanced binding affinity and therefore can potentially be developed as protein drugs.(More)
Cyclotides are macrocyclic plant peptides characterized by a knotted arrangement of three disulfide bonds. They display a range of interesting bioactivities, including anti-HIV and insecticidal activities. More than 100 different cyclotides have been isolated from two phylogenetically distant plant families, the Rubiaceae and Violaceae. In this study we(More)
The cyclotides are a recently discovered family of miniproteins that contain a head-to-tail cyclized backbone and a knotted arrangement of disulfide bonds. They are approximately 30 amino acids in size and are present in high abundance in plants from the Violaceae, Rubiaceae, and Cucurbitaceae families, with individual plants containing a suite of up to 100(More)
CyBase is a curated database and information source for backbone-cyclized proteins. The database incorporates naturally occurring cyclic proteins as well as synthetic derivatives, grafted analogues and acyclic permutants. The database provides a centralized repository of information on all aspects of cyclic protein biology and addresses issues pertaining to(More)
The cyclotides are a family of backbone-cyclised cystine-knot-containing peptides from plants that possess anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis, two important gastrointestinal nematode parasites of sheep. In the current study, we investigated the in vitro effects of newly discovered natural cyclotides on the(More)
The cyclotides are stable plant-derived mini-proteins with a topologically circular peptide backbone and a knotted arrangement of three disulfide bonds that form a cyclic cystine knot structural framework. They display a wide range of pharmaceutically important bioactivities, but their natural function is in plant defense as insecticidal agents. To(More)
The constitutively active tyrosine kinase BCR-ABL is the underlying cause of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Current CML treatments rely on the long-term use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which target the ATP binding site of BCR-ABL. Over the course of treatment, 20-30% of CML patients develop TKI resistance, which is commonly attributed to point(More)
Cycloviolacin H4, a new macrocyclic miniprotein comprising 30 amino acid residues, was isolated from the underground parts of the Australian native violet Viola hederaceae. Its sequence, cyclo-(CAESCVWIPCTVTALLGCSCSNNVCYNGIP), was determined by nanospray tandem mass spectrometry and quantitative amino acid analysis. A knotted disulfide arrangement, which(More)