Colonel Aubrey Gibson

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The virulence of a yellow fever (YF) virus (P-16065) isolated from a fatal case of vaccine-associated viral encephalitis was investigated. P-16065 appeared identical to its parent vaccine virus (17D-204 USA, lot 6145) when examined with monoclonal antibodies except that YF wild type-specific MAb S24 recognized P-16065 but not 17D-204 USA 6145. Thus, a(More)
In this study, we investigated the relationship between reovirus-induced apoptosis and viral growth. Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells infected with prototype reovirus strains type 1 Lang (T1L) or type 3 Dearing (T3D) were found to undergo apoptosis, and T3D induced apoptosis of MDCK cells to a substantially greater extent than T1L. By using(More)
Urokinase plasminogen activator (u-PA) receptor (u-PAR) is a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane protein that promotes pericellular proteolysis and cellular migration. This investigation demonstrates that u-PAR is a substrate for the proteolytically active form of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SPE B), a potent virulence factor secreted by(More)
The human astroviruses (HAst) are increasingly recognized as an important cause of gastroenteritis. These viruses contain a 6.8-kb positive-sense, single-stranded RNA molecule that is infectious when transfected into permissive cells. The HAst gene 1 is composed of two open reading frames (ORFs 1a and 1b) connected by a ribosomal frameshift. Gene 1 is(More)
The coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) translates its replicase gene (gene 1) into two co-amino-terminal polyproteins, polyprotein 1a and polyprotein 1ab. The gene 1 polyproteins are processed by viral proteinases to yield at least 15 mature products, including a putative RNA helicase from polyprotein 1ab that is presumed to be involved in viral RNA(More)
The design of contemporary vaccines to date has been dependent upon our understanding of the process of stimulation of protective immunity by virion proteins. However, studies with the flaviviruses have demonstrated that protective immunity can be elicited by a non-structural protein, NS1. Surprisingly, immunity to infection is stimulated in the absence of(More)
The ability of passage in HeLa cells to attenuate flaviviruses was investigated for three different strains of the mosquito-borne West Nile (WN) virus and two tick-borne viruses, louping-ill and Langat. One strain of WN virus, Sarawak, was attenuated 4000-fold for adult mice by intraperitoneal or intranasal challenge after six HeLa passages. The(More)
Two panels of envelope glycoprotein reactive monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were prepared against yellow fever (YF) 17D vaccine viruses. Five mAbs were prepared against the World Health Organization 17D-204 avian leukosis virus-free secondary seed virus and eight mAbs against 17DD vaccine manufactured in Brazil. The majority of these mAbs were type-specific(More)
The 3C-like proteinase of mouse hepatitis virus (MHV-3CLpro) is predicted to cleave at least 10 sites in the gene 1 polyprotein, resulting in processing of proteinase, polymerase and helicase proteins from the polyprotein. We have used E. coli expressed recombinant 3CLpro (r3CLpro) to define cleavage sites in carboxy-terminal region of the ORF 1a(More)
3 Dr Ray Marginson AM was the University of Melbourne's first Vice-Principal, taking up the position in February 1966 and retiring in 1988. During that time he was instrumental in focussing attention on the cultural collections of the University, and in developing strategies and programs that would not only provide the necessary policies and procedures for(More)