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Three-dimensional structures are now known within most protein families and it is likely, when searching a sequence database, that one will identify a homolog of known structure. The goal of Entrez's 3D-structure database is to make structure information and the functional annotation it can provide easily accessible to molecular biologists. To this end,(More)
The Genotyping tool at the National Center for Biotechnology Information is a web-based program that identifies the genotype (or subtype) of recombinant or non-recombinant viral nucleotide sequences. It works by using BLAST to compare a query sequence to a set of reference sequences for known genotypes. Predefined reference genotypes exist for three major(More)
  • Monique Nijhuis, Noortje M van Maarseveen, Stephane Lastere, Pauline Schipper, Eoin Coakley, Bärbel Glass +13 others
  • 2007
BACKGROUND HIV protease inhibitor (PI) therapy results in the rapid selection of drug resistant viral variants harbouring one or two substitutions in the viral protease. To combat PI resistance development, two approaches have been developed. The first is to increase the level of PI in the plasma of the patient, and the second is to develop novel PI with(More)
Genetically diverse pathogens (such as Human Immunodeficiency virus type 1, HIV-1) are frequently stratified into phylogenetically or immunologically defined subtypes for classification purposes. Computational identification of such subtypes is helpful in surveillance, epidemiological analysis and detection of novel variants, e.g., circulating recombinant(More)
The predictability of virus-host interactions and disease progression in rapidly evolving human viral infections has been difficult to assess because of host and genetic viral diversity. Here we examined adaptive HIV-specific cellular and humoral immune responses and viral evolution in adult monozygotic twins simultaneously infected with the same virus. CD4(More)
BACKGROUND The CPCRA 064 study examined the effect of structured treatment interruption (STI) of up to 4 months followed by salvage treatment in patients failing therapy with multi-drug resistant HIV. We examined the relationship between the reversion rate of major reverse transcriptase (RT) resistance-associated mutations and change in viral replication(More)
This paper presents a method for the multiple alignment of a sequence set. The MASH algorithm uses a non-redundant database of common motifs and an 'alignment priority' criterion that depends on the length and the occurrence frequency of the patterns in the set of sequences. This user-defined criterion allows the determination of the series of the patterns(More)
The maintenance of recombination is among the most important unsolved problems of evolutionary biology. The Hill-Robertson effect, which states that the interaction between genetic drift and selection generates unfavorable linkage dise-quilibria (hence favoring recombination), offers one of the most promising hypotheses to solve this problem. In particular,(More)
A homogeneous region in a protein sequence is a set of contiguous residues that share common features, concerning physico-chemical, structural and mutational information. This paper presents a method for identifying such homogeneous regions. From a profile describing a given type of biological information along the sequence, the algorithm allows the(More)
We propose a new method, called 'size leap' algorithm, of search for motifs of maximum size and common to two fragments at least. It allows the creation of a reduced database of motifs from a set of sequences whose size obeys the series of Fibonacci numbers. The convenience lies in the efficiency of the motif extraction. It can be applied in the(More)
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