Colleen Scheitrum

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PDE4 isoenzymes are critical in the control of cAMP signaling in rodent cardiac myocytes. Ablation of PDE4 affects multiple key players in excitation–contraction coupling and predisposes mice to the development of heart failure. As little is known about PDE4 in human heart, we explored to what extent cardiac expression and functions of PDE4 are conserved(More)
In addition to xenobiotics and several other endogenous metabolites, multidrug-resistance proteins (MRPs) extrude the second-messenger cAMP from various cells. Pharmacological and/or genetic inactivation of MRPs has been shown to augment intracellular cAMP signaling, an effect assumed to be a direct consequence of the blockade of cAMP extrusion. Here we(More)
β-Adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) enhance cardiac contractility by increasing cAMP levels and activating PKA. PKA increases Ca²⁺-induced Ca²⁺ release via phosphorylation of L-type Ca²⁺ channels (LTCCs) and ryanodine receptor 2. Multiple cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate local cAMP concentration in cardiomyocytes, with PDE4 being predominant(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) that impair its expression and/or chloride channel function. Here, we provide evidence that type 4 cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDE4s) are critical regulators of the cAMP/PKA-dependent activation of CFTR in primary human(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to examine whether a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase (PDE), PDE4, is expressed in human atrium and contributes to the control of electrical stability. BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is accompanied by a profound remodeling of membrane receptors and alterations in cAMP-dependent regulation of Ca(2+)(More)
PDE4s (type 4 cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases) are divided into long and short forms by the presence or absence of conserved N-terminal domains termed UCRs (upstream conserved regions). We have shown previously that PDE4D2, a short variant, is a monomer, whereas PDE4D3, a long variant, is a dimer. In the present study, we have determined the apparent(More)
249 words Introduction: 735 words Discussion: 1493 words d) ABBREVIATIONS: ABC, ATP-binding cassette transporter; ADO, adenosine; CFTR, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator; EPAC, GTP-exchange protein activated by cAMP; FSK, forskolin; IBMX, 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine; MEF, mouse embryonic fibroblast; MRP, multidrug resistant protein; PDE,(More)
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