Colleen M. Fitzpatrick

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BACKGROUND Treatment of cancer during childhood may result in loss of primordial follicles from the ovary. METHODS Ten cancer survivors and 11 controls with regular menstrual cycles, in addition to 10 cancer survivors and 10 controls taking the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) were recruited. Subjects were investigated on days 3-5 of a menstrual(More)
Many infants who undergo cardiac surgery have a congenital cyanotic defect where the heart is chronically perfused with hypoxemic blood. Infant hearts adapt to chronic hypoxemia by activation of intracellular protein kinase signal transduction pathways. However, the involvement of heat shock protein 70 in adaptation to chronic hypoxemia and its role in(More)
Isoflurane mimics the cardioprotective effect of acute ischemic preconditioning with an acute memory phase. We determined whether isoflurane can induce delayed cardioprotection, the involvement of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels, and cellular location of the channels. Neonatal New Zealand White rabbits at 7-10 days of age (n = 5-16/group) were(More)
Hip fractures in the elderly are an important source of morbidity and mortality. The predicted increase in the number of hip fractures due to the increasing elderly population has not been universally observed. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of hip fractures over a twenty year period to determine if this rise is occurring in our(More)
Hypoxia from birth increases resistance to myocardial ischemia in infant rabbits. We hypothesized that increased cardioprotection in hearts chronically hypoxic from birth persists following development in a normoxic environment and involves increased activation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and ATP-dependent K (K(ATP)) channels. Resistance to myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Contemporary war-related studies focus primarily on adults with few reporting the injuries sustained in local pediatric populations. The objective of this study is to characterize pediatric vascular trauma at US military hospitals in wartime Iraq and Afghanistan. METHODS Review of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) (2002-2011)(More)
BACKGROUND Computed tomography (CT) for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common. Evidence suggests that 1 in 1,200 children undergoing CT will die of malignancy from radiation exposure. Presently, there is no protocol for surveying children with mild TBI; repeat CT (rCT) is often performed. We hypothesized that rCT could be avoided. Outcomes of(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction is presumed to occur after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. This study uses a novel large-animal model to evaluate the effects of diverse resuscitation regimens on endothelial function. METHODS Twenty-seven adult domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) were used in this study. Control pigs (n = 3) underwent instrumentation alone.(More)
This report describes the identification of a merchant mariner who perished in 1948 when Northwest Airlines Flight 4422, a DC-4 carrying 24 seamen and six crew members crashed into Mount Sanford, Alaska. Fifty-one years later, a human forearm and hand were found close by the wreckage of the plane, prompting identification efforts using DNA and fingerprints.(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial thrombosis is associated with endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine which components of thrombus induce endothelial dysfunction and to determine their effect on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity and expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human aortic endothelial cells were grown to confluence.(More)